Stool Analysis Test: Tips for Collecting and Understanding of Results

A stool test is a means of analyzing the fecal matter in order to diagnose the presence or absence of some specific medical conditions. Many times, patients suffering from persistent stomach problems are prescribed for a stool analysis test by doctors. However, there are several other symptoms that make doctors recommend the test. These are:

  • Diarrhea lasting for several days
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Throwing up

In addition to those mentioned above, a concerned doctor might be more involved when:

  • You are having a weakened immune system functions
  • You have eaten contaminated food or water
  • You have travelled outside the country or away from your hometown
  • Symptoms are severe in intensity

stool analysis test

The Stool Test Sample

Doctor will provide you a special container to bring a sample of your poop for diagnosis. Sometimes, an additional urine sample might also be required along with a sample of your feces. Containers given for collecting the sample might come with a label highlighting your name and date of birth.

Tips While Collecting Sample for a Stool Analysis Test

Follow these tips while collecting a sample of your poop for the stool test:

  • Don’t Use your Hands – You need to use a disposable small spoon or a spatula to place the poop sample inside the container.
  • Don’t Overfill the Container – It’s not a good idea to overfill the container with poop because only a small amount of poop, resembling the size of a walnut is required.
  • Ensure the Poop Doesn’t touch the Inner Surface of the Toilet – If your poop touch the inner surface of the toilet then it could pick up additional germs that might not belong to you.
  • Place the Container inside a sealed plastic Bag – Once you’ve successfully filled the container with you poop, place it inside a plastic bag and seal it.
  • Use something to catch your Poop – If your stool isn’t watery or loose then you could also spread some newspaper or plastic wrap over the toiler rim.
  • Wash your Hands Properly–After you’ve successfully collected the poop sample, wash your hands properly with soap and clean water.

How Long you Need to Wait?

Once you deposit your sample to the lab, it is smeared inside a dedicated plate. It helps in the growth of bacteria to be identified, if any, later. Later, it is observed by placing it under a microscope. Typically, you might need to wait for 1 or 2 days for getting the results of the stool analysis test.

What the Results Mean?

The results of your stool test can be one of the any two mentioned below:

  1. Negative – This means that the test is perfectly normal. No germs were found in the poop and you are free from any kind of infection.
  2. Positive – Your feces is infected by some kind of germ, bacteria or virus. Prescription will be based on the type of infection.

 

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6 Most-Used Female Hormone Saliva Test Kit Types

Introduction to the Hormone Saliva Test Kit

Even though there are several ways to measure female hormones, the preferred way of doing so is by means of saliva. Inspecting hormonal levels using an apt hormone saliva test kit assists in assessing present level of hormones as well as checking whether the hormone balancing regimen is working or not.

Now, distinct types of hormone saliva test kit helps in determining different types of female hormones. As a matter of fact, there are several of them used for diagnosing hormonal levels in different medical conditions. Here is the list of 6 most commonly used hormonal saliva test kits for measuring female hormones.

hormoe test kit

  1. Saliva Profile I

    Used early in the morning, saliva profile I hormone saliva test kit helps in assessing most important adrenal and sex hormones. It helps in assessing 5 hormones, which are:

  • AM (morning) Cortisol (C1)
  • DHEA-S (DS)
  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)
  • Testosterone (T)

2. Saliva Profile II

Used most notably for assessing adrenal function, saliva profile II test provides insights into all 5 hormones provided by saliva profile I, in addition to one more hormone. Various hormones analyzed by saliva profile II hormone saliva test kit are:

  • AM (morning) Cortisol (C1)
  • DHEA-S (DS)
  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)
  • PM (night) Cortisol
  • Testosterone (T)

3. Saliva Profile III

Saliva profile III provides the most comprehensive assessment of the various adrenal and sex hormones. The test, most notably, adds 3 Cortisol tests in order to provide complete evaluation of the diurnal adrenal function. Various hormones assessed by saliva profile III test are:

  • AM (morning) Cortisol (C1)
  • DHEA-S (DS)
  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Evening Cortisol (C3)
  • Noon Cortisol (C2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)
  • PM (night) Cortisol
  • Testosterone (T)

4. Estrogen Dominance

In the medical condition of Estrogen Dominance, estrogen levels are much higher than what they should be in relative to the progesterone levels. The estrogen dominance hormone saliva test kit assists in evaluating hormones:

  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)

Estradiol (E2) is the most potent estrogen found in the human body. In addition to measuring the levels of estrogen hormones, Estrogen Dominance test also provides important ratio-based relation between estradiol and progesterone.

5. Hormone Trio

Hormone Trio hormone saliva test kit helps in assessing major reproductive hormones in females as well as men. The relative ratio of each of the three hormones evaluated by Hormone Trio test is critical to the human health. The three reproductive hormones assessed by the saliva test are:

  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)
  • Testosterone (T)

home-hormone-saliva-test-kit

6. AM/PM Cortisol

The AM/PM Cortisol hormone saliva test kit is commonly used for diagnosing hormonal imbalance in females suffering from morning or evening fatigue, situational stress, or sleep disorders. The hormones evaluated by the saliva test are:

  • AM (Morning) Cortisol (C1)
  • PM (Night) Cortisol (C4)

Things About Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth

Varieties of bacteria are found in the large intestine normally. The problem occurs when these strains are found in the small intestinal zones. Due to the improper migrating motor complex (MMC), digested food is not properly swiped down by the small intestine causing an abnormal increase in the formation of bacteria in the small intestine. Often, due to fasting this type of bacterial overgrowth occurs. The bacterial flora grows rapidly and feeds on the carbohydrates very fast. Due to this process, hydrogen and methane are produced in amounts above the baseline. This is called small intestinal bacterial overgrowth or SIBO.

sibo

Cause behind SIBO

As mentioned earlier, SIBO occurs when digested food is not properly passed down to the large intestine. Due to diabetes and scleroderma affect the involuntary movements of the muscles in the gut. Often, physical obstructions such as surgery scars, diverticulitis, etc can also hinder the free movement of the muscles.

Signs of SIBO

The possible signs of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth are mentioned below.

  • Gas
  • Diarrhea
  • Bloating
  • Cramp and/or pain in the abdominal area
  • Constipation (less common)
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Specific food intolerances for gluten, lactose, casein, fructose, etc.
  • Chronic diseases like fibromyalgia, diabetes, chronic fatigue syndrome, autoimmune diseases, neuromuscular disorders, etc.
  • Deficiency of vitamins and minerals
  • Mal-absorption of fat

Tests for SIBO

The best way to find out SIBO as per location is via the breath test. It is a non-invasive test where a patient is fed with a specific amount of glucose or lactose. If the gut bacteria are present in the small intestinal region then the amount of hydrogen or methane produced will be higher than the normal level. Assessing the gas concentration, SIBO can be diagnosed. The test takes only a few hours and the patient does not have to suffer any kind of invasive procedure.

hormone testing

A Comprehensive Guide To Female Hormonal Imbalances

Hormones are effective chemicals/particles that are the building blocks of practically every moment of a human life. Hormones are critical to keep up a man’s physical and psychological well-being. Imbalance in any of the hormones can prompt irritating and serious medical problems and can make your physical and emotional wellness go haywire. Albeit dismissed, hormones are the building pieces of a man’s health. It is a typical conviction that estrogen is the female hormone, while testosterone is the manly hormone; however, the two, men and ladies produce estrogen, testosterone and various different hormones. Regular female hormonal tests are important to make sure that all of the crucial life functions go on smoothly.

Problems Faced My Women Due To Hormonal Imbalances

As women start to age, hormonal imbalances start emerging and effecting the menstrual cycle and the general physical well-being. Pre-mature menopause or irregular periods and mood swings are the most common issues faced by women due to hormonal imbalances. Fat accumulation, acne, breast aches, migraine, loss of libido, burn-outs and PMS are other nasty issues that women face.

Estrogen dominance leads to excessive weight gain, acne, thinning skin, puffy eyes, brittle nails, and increased body hair. There is an extra risk of developing estrogen dominance if you have been a smoker, breast cancer patient, or have been undergoing hormone replacement therapies.

Low testosterone levels lead to fat accumulation is chest and belly, hair loss, pale skin, decreasing strength, dry eyes and infertility. Under eating and over exercising and stress are the most significant reasons behind hormonal imbalances.

BioHealth hormone testing

Methods Of Testing Hormones

The most common and effective methods of female hormonal tests are by serum tests, urine tests and saliva tests. Urine test is an extensive test method. All female hormones are effectively tested in these tests. However, the best option for female hormonal tests is salivary hormonal tests. In a saliva test, only the bio-active hormones get tested. Salivary hormonal tests are the most effective and accurate kind of female hormonal tests. Salivary tests include the testing of Testosterone, Estrogen and other most common hormones that cause the regular hormonal imbalance symptoms.

Achieving Hormonal Balance In The Healthiest Possible Way

It’s pitiful that hormonal irregularities are regularly ‘treated’ with hormonal substitution treatment. It’s normal for specialists to turn to anti-conceptive pills or other engineered hormones to treat your side effects. A considerable measure of indications caused by hormones can be settled normally by adopting a healthy lifestyle and eating habits before swinging to prescription. Consumption of the correct supplements and receiving the best way of life propensities is the best way to tackle your hormonal problems and feel great again.

How Saliva Hormone Testing Has Become More Reliable, Private and Simpler

With recent developments, saliva hormone testing is becoming more private, simpler and reliable. It is taking less time in saliva testing labs to get results of saliva hormone testing. This is what has been happening till now. The patient, first of all, sees a doctor for prescriptions. After that, the patient visits one of the testing labs in the neighborhood for hormone testing. The test is going to be possibly painful and expensive. Patient’s blood will be drawn.

With the new saliva hormone testing system, you can do saliva test anytime and even at your home. You need not visit any of the saliva testing labs. And, you can test the level of hormones without a doctor’s prescription. And, it also costs a lot less than old-fashioned blood tests. Most of the hormones including melatonin, estrogens, DHEA, progesterone and testosterone decline as you age. Testing level of hormones helps in assessing life extension program progress. Saliva hormone testing is also used for bringing hormone level to normal. Both overdosing and underdosing of hormone supplements are not safe. You are not going to waste your money in saliva testing labs for expensive testing and testing hormone levels.

The salivary drug testing is available to the general public are providing accurate results. These tools are way more convenient than the blood test. And, the subject has to visit labs several times. These tools are being used in saliva testing labs for several years. The saliva hormone testing enables women to test progesterone level and men to test testosterone level without visiting a doctor.

The state-of-the-art Radioimmunoassay technique makes saliva hormone testing more reliable than other hormone testing. The results of saliva hormone testing are more meaningful when compared to a blood test. Saliva hormone testing measures the level of active hormone. Blood test, on the other hand, measures both active and inactive hormone and therefore, it is less reliable.

You simply need a saliva hormone testing kit. And, this kit is easily available in saliva testing labs and also very easy to use. Here is what comes with this kit:

Pre-paid return mailer

Packing material

Collection tube

Sugarless chewing gum

Identification labels and forms

Here is how you will use the kit. Chew the gum and spit into the collection tube. Fill out the form, pack everything and mail it to one of the saliva testing labs.

 

 

 

 

 

How Does Lactose Hydrogen Breath Test Work?

Bacteria in the colon (large intestine) play a part in digestions. The aerobic bacteria in colon help in digestion of carbohydrates and sugars. However, some of these carbohydrates and sugars are converted into hydrogen. Bacteria can also release some chemicals in the colon. Sometimes, colon secretes water due to these chemicals and lead to diarrhea. A part of the hydrogen produced in the colon is absorbed into the blood. This gas is exhaled in the breath. Hydrogen and other chemicals are produced when some carbohydrates and sugar reach the colon.

It is the job of the small intestine to digest and absorb sugar and carbohydrate. The small amount of carbohydrates and sugar reaching colon cause no problem. The problem occurs when sugar and carbohydrate reach colon in a larger amount. It results into more hydrogen and other chemicals in the colon. The hydrogen in breath is collected and measured in lactose hydrogen breath test.

lactose hydrogen bretah test

Lactose is not the only sugar that is not digested properly. Fructose is a sugar found in corn syrup. Sorbitol is a sugar found in low-calorie sweetener. Sucrose, fructose and sorbitol are other sugars that are sometimes poorly digested. Abnormal digestion of sugars is not the only reason behind the digestion issues due to bacteria.

Bacteria are found in both small and large intestines. There is a smaller number of hydrogen producing of bacteria present in the small intestine. On the hand, there is a larger number of hydrogen producing bacteria found in the large intestine. Sometimes, the larger number of bacteria from the large intestine move into the small intestine. This leads to another health issue known as small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.

breath test

In this condition, the small intestine does not get a chance to digest and absorb sugar and carbohydrate as bacteria digest sugar and carbohydrates. So, a large of amount hydrogen is produced in the small intestine.

In some cases, the food rapidly passes through the small intestine. The food does not stay in there for proper digestion of sugar and carbohydrate. The undigested carbohydrates and sugars are then digested by bacteria in the large intestine. The bacteria then convert it into gas.

Both bacterial overgrowth and rapid passing of sugar through small intestine are diagnosed with Lactose Hydrogen Breath Test. When sugar passes through the small intestine quickly the bacteria in large intestine converts it into hydrogen soon after ingestion. So, you exhale hydrogen in breath soon after ingesting sugar.

During the Lactose Hydrogen Breath Test, Hydrogen is produced twice in the case of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. The first time hydrogen is produced when the sugar is digested by the bacteria in the small intestine. Second time hydrogen is produced when the food enters the large intestine.

 

Role of Good Bacteria in Human Digestive System

We have written several pieces about bacteria in past. Bacteria play very important roles in the completion of various important processes, especially in the digestive system. And, if the digestive system is not functioning properly, you are going to suffer from a range of digestive disorders and other health problems. The digestive system processes the food and converts it into energy. And, the waste is shown way out of the body.

There are more than 100 trillion bacteria in your gut. Some of these bacteria are good and some are bad. The bad bacteria do not cause any problem if present in a little amount. Otherwise, the bad bacteria can lead to several digestive disorders. Apart from this, these bacteria can also cause other problems when move into some other parts of the body.

Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth Breath Test 

For example, if the bacteria from large intestine travel into small intestine then you will experience the symptoms of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. Bacterial overgrowth breath test tells whether you are suffering from this condition or not. Good bacteria, on the other hand, perform a number of very important functions in the small and large intestine.

Bacteria perform following functions in the intestinal tract.

Beat Bad Bacteria

Good bacteria prevent the growth of bad bacteria that can cause several health problems. Good bacteria use up nutrients. So, no nutrient is left for bad bacteria. Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria respectively present in small and large intestine produce lactic acid, acetic acid and hydrogen peroxide to create and maintain an acidic environment. The bad bacteria cannot grow in this acidic environment.

Digest Nutrients

Good bacteria break down proteins, fats and complex sugars. This makes it easier for your body to absorb nutrients. Lactobacilli break down lactose and proteins in the small intestine.

Synthesize Vitamins

Lactobacillus acidophilus is bacteria that manufacture vitamin K. Lactic acid bacteria produces B-group vitamins. Enteric bacteria manufacture vitamin B-12. Similarly, there are other bacteria that synthesize vitamins.

Improve Immune System

Bacteriocins produced by a type of Lactobacillus discourage the growth of bad bacteria in the small intestine. Good bacteria increase the number of T-cells. These are white blood cells that improve the immune system to restrict bad bacteria.

If you feel that something is wrong with your digestive system then don’t put in on the back burner. Visit a doctor or a lab for bacterial overgrowth breath test. This test will help in the diagnosis of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth and other digestive system disorders.