Things About Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth

Varieties of bacteria are found in the large intestine normally. The problem occurs when these strains are found in the small intestinal zones. Due to the improper migrating motor complex (MMC), digested food is not properly swiped down by the small intestine causing an abnormal increase in the formation of bacteria in the small intestine. Often, due to fasting this type of bacterial overgrowth occurs. The bacterial flora grows rapidly and feeds on the carbohydrates very fast. Due to this process, hydrogen and methane are produced in amounts above the baseline. This is called small intestinal bacterial overgrowth or SIBO.

sibo

Cause behind SIBO

As mentioned earlier, SIBO occurs when digested food is not properly passed down to the large intestine. Due to diabetes and scleroderma affect the involuntary movements of the muscles in the gut. Often, physical obstructions such as surgery scars, diverticulitis, etc can also hinder the free movement of the muscles.

Signs of SIBO

The possible signs of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth are mentioned below.

  • Gas
  • Diarrhea
  • Bloating
  • Cramp and/or pain in the abdominal area
  • Constipation (less common)
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Specific food intolerances for gluten, lactose, casein, fructose, etc.
  • Chronic diseases like fibromyalgia, diabetes, chronic fatigue syndrome, autoimmune diseases, neuromuscular disorders, etc.
  • Deficiency of vitamins and minerals
  • Mal-absorption of fat

Tests for SIBO

The best way to find out SIBO as per location is via the breath test. It is a non-invasive test where a patient is fed with a specific amount of glucose or lactose. If the gut bacteria are present in the small intestinal region then the amount of hydrogen or methane produced will be higher than the normal level. Assessing the gas concentration, SIBO can be diagnosed. The test takes only a few hours and the patient does not have to suffer any kind of invasive procedure.

Advertisements
hormone testing

A Comprehensive Guide To Female Hormonal Imbalances

Hormones are effective chemicals/particles that are the building blocks of practically every moment of a human life. Hormones are critical to keep up a man’s physical and psychological well-being. Imbalance in any of the hormones can prompt irritating and serious medical problems and can make your physical and emotional wellness go haywire. Albeit dismissed, hormones are the building pieces of a man’s health. It is a typical conviction that estrogen is the female hormone, while testosterone is the manly hormone; however, the two, men and ladies produce estrogen, testosterone and various different hormones. Regular female hormonal tests are important to make sure that all of the crucial life functions go on smoothly.

Problems Faced My Women Due To Hormonal Imbalances

As women start to age, hormonal imbalances start emerging and effecting the menstrual cycle and the general physical well-being. Pre-mature menopause or irregular periods and mood swings are the most common issues faced by women due to hormonal imbalances. Fat accumulation, acne, breast aches, migraine, loss of libido, burn-outs and PMS are other nasty issues that women face.

Estrogen dominance leads to excessive weight gain, acne, thinning skin, puffy eyes, brittle nails, and increased body hair. There is an extra risk of developing estrogen dominance if you have been a smoker, breast cancer patient, or have been undergoing hormone replacement therapies.

Low testosterone levels lead to fat accumulation is chest and belly, hair loss, pale skin, decreasing strength, dry eyes and infertility. Under eating and over exercising and stress are the most significant reasons behind hormonal imbalances.

BioHealth hormone testing

Methods Of Testing Hormones

The most common and effective methods of female hormonal tests are by serum tests, urine tests and saliva tests. Urine test is an extensive test method. All female hormones are effectively tested in these tests. However, the best option for female hormonal tests is salivary hormonal tests. In a saliva test, only the bio-active hormones get tested. Salivary hormonal tests are the most effective and accurate kind of female hormonal tests. Salivary tests include the testing of Testosterone, Estrogen and other most common hormones that cause the regular hormonal imbalance symptoms.

Achieving Hormonal Balance In The Healthiest Possible Way

It’s pitiful that hormonal irregularities are regularly ‘treated’ with hormonal substitution treatment. It’s normal for specialists to turn to anti-conceptive pills or other engineered hormones to treat your side effects. A considerable measure of indications caused by hormones can be settled normally by adopting a healthy lifestyle and eating habits before swinging to prescription. Consumption of the correct supplements and receiving the best way of life propensities is the best way to tackle your hormonal problems and feel great again.

How Saliva Hormone Testing Has Become More Reliable, Private and Simpler

With recent developments, saliva hormone testing is becoming more private, simpler and reliable. It is taking less time in saliva testing labs to get results of saliva hormone testing. This is what has been happening till now. The patient, first of all, sees a doctor for prescriptions. After that, the patient visits one of the testing labs in the neighborhood for hormone testing. The test is going to be possibly painful and expensive. Patient’s blood will be drawn.

With the new saliva hormone testing system, you can do saliva test anytime and even at your home. You need not visit any of the saliva testing labs. And, you can test the level of hormones without a doctor’s prescription. And, it also costs a lot less than old-fashioned blood tests. Most of the hormones including melatonin, estrogens, DHEA, progesterone and testosterone decline as you age. Testing level of hormones helps in assessing life extension program progress. Saliva hormone testing is also used for bringing hormone level to normal. Both overdosing and underdosing of hormone supplements are not safe. You are not going to waste your money in saliva testing labs for expensive testing and testing hormone levels.

The salivary drug testing is available to the general public are providing accurate results. These tools are way more convenient than the blood test. And, the subject has to visit labs several times. These tools are being used in saliva testing labs for several years. The saliva hormone testing enables women to test progesterone level and men to test testosterone level without visiting a doctor.

The state-of-the-art Radioimmunoassay technique makes saliva hormone testing more reliable than other hormone testing. The results of saliva hormone testing are more meaningful when compared to a blood test. Saliva hormone testing measures the level of active hormone. Blood test, on the other hand, measures both active and inactive hormone and therefore, it is less reliable.

You simply need a saliva hormone testing kit. And, this kit is easily available in saliva testing labs and also very easy to use. Here is what comes with this kit:

Pre-paid return mailer

Packing material

Collection tube

Sugarless chewing gum

Identification labels and forms

Here is how you will use the kit. Chew the gum and spit into the collection tube. Fill out the form, pack everything and mail it to one of the saliva testing labs.

 

 

 

 

 

How Does Lactose Hydrogen Breath Test Work?

Bacteria in the colon (large intestine) play a part in digestions. The aerobic bacteria in colon help in digestion of carbohydrates and sugars. However, some of these carbohydrates and sugars are converted into hydrogen. Bacteria can also release some chemicals in the colon. Sometimes, colon secretes water due to these chemicals and lead to diarrhea. A part of the hydrogen produced in the colon is absorbed into the blood. This gas is exhaled in the breath. Hydrogen and other chemicals are produced when some carbohydrates and sugar reach the colon.

It is the job of the small intestine to digest and absorb sugar and carbohydrate. The small amount of carbohydrates and sugar reaching colon cause no problem. The problem occurs when sugar and carbohydrate reach colon in a larger amount. It results into more hydrogen and other chemicals in the colon. The hydrogen in breath is collected and measured in lactose hydrogen breath test.

Lactose is not the only sugar that is not digested properly. Fructose is a sugar found in corn syrup. Sorbitol is a sugar found in low-calorie sweetener. Sucrose, fructose and sorbitol are other sugars that are sometimes poorly digested. Abnormal digestion of sugars is not the only reason behind the digestion issues due to bacteria.

Bacteria are found in both small and large intestines. There is a smaller number of hydrogen producing of bacteria present in the small intestine. On the hand, there is a larger number of hydrogen producing bacteria found in the large intestine. Sometimes, the larger number of bacteria from the large intestine move into the small intestine. This leads to another health issue known as small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.

In this condition, the small intestine does not get a chance to digest and absorb sugar and carbohydrate as bacteria digest sugar and carbohydrates. So, a large of amount hydrogen is produced in the small intestine.

In some cases, the food rapidly passes through the small intestine. The food does not stay in there for proper digestion of sugar and carbohydrate. The undigested carbohydrates and sugars are then digested by bacteria in the large intestine. The bacteria then convert it into gas.

Both bacterial overgrowth and rapid passing of sugar through small intestine are diagnosed with Lactose Hydrogen Breath Test. When sugar passes through the small intestine quickly the bacteria in large intestine converts it into hydrogen soon after ingestion. So, you exhale hydrogen in breath soon after ingesting sugar.

During the Lactose Hydrogen Breath Test, Hydrogen is produced twice in the case of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. The first time hydrogen is produced when the sugar is digested by the bacteria in the small intestine. Second time hydrogen is produced when the food enters the large intestine.

 

Role of Good Bacteria in Human Digestive System

We have written several pieces about bacteria in past. Bacteria play very important roles in the completion of various important processes, especially in the digestive system. And, if the digestive system is not functioning properly, you are going to suffer from a range of digestive disorders and other health problems. The digestive system processes the food and converts it into energy. And, the waste is shown way out of the body.

There are more than 100 trillion bacteria in your gut. Some of these bacteria are good and some are bad. The bad bacteria do not cause any problem if present in a little amount. Otherwise, the bad bacteria can lead to several digestive disorders. Apart from this, these bacteria can also cause other problems when move into some other parts of the body.

Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth Breath Test 

For example, if the bacteria from large intestine travel into small intestine then you will experience the symptoms of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. Bacterial overgrowth breath test tells whether you are suffering from this condition or not. Good bacteria, on the other hand, perform a number of very important functions in the small and large intestine.

Bacteria perform following functions in the intestinal tract.

Beat Bad Bacteria

Good bacteria prevent the growth of bad bacteria that can cause several health problems. Good bacteria use up nutrients. So, no nutrient is left for bad bacteria. Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria respectively present in small and large intestine produce lactic acid, acetic acid and hydrogen peroxide to create and maintain an acidic environment. The bad bacteria cannot grow in this acidic environment.

Digest Nutrients

Good bacteria break down proteins, fats and complex sugars. This makes it easier for your body to absorb nutrients. Lactobacilli break down lactose and proteins in the small intestine.

Synthesize Vitamins

Lactobacillus acidophilus is bacteria that manufacture vitamin K. Lactic acid bacteria produces B-group vitamins. Enteric bacteria manufacture vitamin B-12. Similarly, there are other bacteria that synthesize vitamins.

Improve Immune System

Bacteriocins produced by a type of Lactobacillus discourage the growth of bad bacteria in the small intestine. Good bacteria increase the number of T-cells. These are white blood cells that improve the immune system to restrict bad bacteria.

If you feel that something is wrong with your digestive system then don’t put in on the back burner. Visit a doctor or a lab for bacterial overgrowth breath test. This test will help in the diagnosis of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth and other digestive system disorders.

What Do You Know About Bacteria In Your Guts?

Let’s start with an interesting fact. There were no bacteria in our bodies when we born. However, within a few seconds of our birth, bacteria started inhabiting in our bodies. Now, we have bacteria in our eyes, mouth, digestive system and even under our arms. There are different types of bacteria. Some bacteria congregate in the humidity of our feet and sometimes in dry conditions of our forearms. Most of the bacteria are harmless when stay at their right place. Bacteria are very helpful. The three pound of bacteria in our guts helps in the digestion of food. The majority of bacteria in our guts are in the large intestine.

And, these bacteria have a high impact on our health. Bacteria in our guts help in metabolism, immune system development, production of essential bio-compound and bacteria also influence our metabolism. If they stay where they should be, it is good for our health. If they move into small intestine then we will suffer from small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. Changes in gut bacteria can cause obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and inflammatory bowel disease. And, this has been shown in a number of researches.

Experts have studied the three-dimensional structure of bacterial enzymes. Bacteria play the important role of breaking down sugar polymers. These sugar polymers are broken down to simple glucose. Gut bacteria have a large no of enzymes for breaking down complex sugars. So, these studies on gut bacteria and other gut organisms give a better understanding of diseases like diabetes and obesity.

This is important because it could potentially help scientists and doctors to better understand of the impact of gut organisms on human diseases like diabetes and obesity. There are multiple species of bacteria in our bodies and we know a little about these bacteria. This will help in making more effective and safe medications. Presently, medications are designed to target human enzymes, not bacterial enzymes. For example, a doctor gives medication to control the production of glucose in a diabetes patient. However, the medication should also target bacterial enzymes responsible for the production of glucose.

Antibiotics and antimicrobials medications do target bacteria. However, we can develop more medications after understanding what different species of bacteria do inside our bodies. Apart from this, the undertaking of colonies of bacteria living in our digestive tract will also help in understating various digestive disorders. We know that small intestinal bacterial overgrowth is developed due to large intestinal bacteria moving into the small intestine.

However, we still don’t know the exact cause of Irritable Bowel Syndrome. This is the reason why IBS is difficult to treat. So, the study of guts bacteria can reveal the causes of IBS and other digestive disorders. Our scientists can also develop more effective medication for IBS, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth and disorders. Till now, these unicellular organisms have been mysteries. However, scientists have shifted their focus to these complex unicellular organisms in recent years.

So, this will bring great improvements the healthcare industry.

adrenal glands test

What is the difference between Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth And IBS?

Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth’ and ‘Irritable Bowel Syndrome, both are digestive system disorders caused when there are some troubles in small and/or large intestine (bowel). Both disorders come with some common symptoms including:

IBS and SIBO common symptoms   

  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Bloating
  • Gas
  • Abdominal cramping
  • Nausea, acid reflux or heartburn
  • Mood disorders like depression or anxiety
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches

IBS Shows Following Symptoms That Are Different From SIBO

  • Changes in normal bowel movements, for example, you used to have two bowel movements a day but now you are having four bowel movements a day.
  • Changes in texture and color of stool
  • Loss appetite or feeling full
  • Sexual problems
  • Unpleasant taste in mouth
  • Muscle aches
  • Urgent or frequent need to urinate
  • Heart palpitations

Saliiva hormone testing

Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth symptoms that are different from IBS

  • Belching
  • Food sensitivities
  • Joint Pain
  • Asthama
  • Skin problems like acne, eczema, psoriasis or rosacea

It is clear that most of the major symptoms of these two conditions overlap. A few other digestive disorders also show the same symptoms. Therefore, a doctor cannot rely on symptoms only to diagnose whether the patient is suffering from small intestinal bacterial overgrowth or irritable bowel syndrome.

Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth Diagnosis

SIBO Breath test is the most reliable test for diagnosing small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. This test detects the presence of two gases in the breath – hydrogen and methane. Our body cannot produce any of these two gases. However, bacteria can. A person suffers from SIBO when the bacteria in the small intestine are more than normal. This happens when bacteria from the large intestine move into the small intestine. The small intestine is a site where nutrients are absorbed. Food is not fermented in the small intestine. The bacteria overgrown in the small intestine produce these gases. So, if hydrogen and methane are detected in your breath, you are suffering from SIBO.

SIBo

Irritable Bowel Syndrome Diagnosis

IBS is different from other digestive system problems. This condition does cause any structural problem in the intestine. So, this condition is hard to diagnose. No test can successfully diagnose this disorder. This condition is diagnosed by eliminating and observing symptoms. The doctor will ask following questions:

  • How many times you have to use the bathroom in a single day?
  • Is abdominal pain reduced after going to the bathroom?
  • Does eating a specific food cause changes in texture or color of the stool?
  • Do you feel gassy or bloated after eating certain meals?
  • Does exercise provide relief from the symptoms of IBS?
  • Do you have any food sensitivity or allergy

large intestine. Human anatomy

Six Signs of Digestive Issues Due To SIBO

Food is one of the basic needs of human. However, the food can serve your needs of energy only when it is digested properly. The digestion of the food is started right from the mouth. Every organ in the digestive system has an important role to play in the digestion process. Digestive system organs secrete special enzymes for breaking down the food and absorbing nutrients. Small intestine and large intestine are two of these digestive system organs. And, Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO) is a condition associated with small and large intestines. More than 50% of the patients suffering from Irritable Bowel Syndrome also suffer from SIBO.

SIBO occurs when the bacteria from the colon (large intestine) is migrated into the small intestine. This condition is diagnosed with Bacterial Overgrowth Breath Test. The bacteria in the small intestine (small bowel) are overgrown due to poor enzyme production by the pancreas or low stomach acid. This causes symptoms including bloating, diarrhea or gas.

Six Signs That Tell That Your Digestive Problems Are Due to SIBO

  1. Your constipation is worsened when you eat more fiber.
  2. Taking antibiotics improves the symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
  3. Symptoms of celiac or gluten intolerance are not 100% resolved even when you are on a gluten-free diet.
  4. Taking probiotics containing prebiotics increase bloating and gas.
  5. Taking opiates or other pain medications can also develop chronic symptoms of constipation, gas, diarrhea or bloating.
  6. Blood test shows low iron in the blood.

Top 6 Symptoms of Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth

  1. Abdominal pain or distention
  2. Constipation
  3. Diarrhea
  4. Abdominal bloating and distension
  5. Excessive gas or belching
  6. Acid reflux or heartburn

Striking Out Leaky Gut

Small intestine bowel overgrowth causes local GI symptoms. On the other hand, leaky gut affects the entire immune system. One can suffer from both conditions simultaneously. Having SIBO for a longer period is likely to develop leaky gut.

50% of the patients having SIBO are also diagnosed with leaky gut. Most of the times, leaky gut is healed itself with the treatment of SIBO.

Bacterial Overgrowth Breath Test

Bacterial overgrowth breath test is used for diagnosing small intestine bacterial growth. Bacteria in the small intestine produce hydrogen which is exhaled in the breath. Lactulose Breath Test checks the amount of hydrogen in the breath. If the amount of hydrogen in the breath is more than normal then the patient is suffering from SIBO. Sometimes, urinary organic acid analysis and comprehensive stool analysis is also required.

If you are having some digestive system problems with the symptoms of SIBO, see a doctor for Bacterial Overgrowth Breath Test.

Woman Health – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the common problems caused due to hormone imbalance in women. This syndrome causes problems with periods. Getting pregnant becomes difficult when you are suffering from this syndrome. Delays in the treatment of this syndrome can cause other health problems such as heart disease and diabetes. This syndrome gets its name polycystic due to the growth of multiple small cysts on the ovaries. These cysts cause the hormone imbalance. However, the symptoms of this syndrome can be controlled for long-term.

Hormones trigger some specific processes in the body. Some examples of hormone imbalance due to PCOS are:

Sex Hormone Imbalance

Ovaries produce a little amount of androgens – a male sex hormone. Ovaries of a woman suffering from this syndrome produce more androgens. This can interrupt ovulating, grow extra body hair and acne.

Insulin Resistance

This syndrome affects the ability of the body to use insulin well. This increases the blood sugar level which further increases the risk of diabetes.

Causes of PCOS

Causes of this syndrome are still to be fully understood. However, genetics is a common factor. Therefore, this syndrome runs into families.

Symptoms of PCOS

The initial symptoms of this syndrome are mild. Following are the common symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome:

  • Increasing weight and problem in losing weight
  • Acne
  • Irregular periods
  • Extra body hair including facial hair
  • Thinning hair on scalp
  • Decrease in breast size
  • Deeper voice
  • Depression
  • Pelvic pain
  • Infertility

Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Here is how a doctor diagnoses PCOS:

  • The doctor will ask questions about the medical history of the patient, menstrual cycles and other symptoms.
  • The doctor will do a number of tests like hormone testing to check insulin, blood sugar and other hormone levels. These tests will rule out other problems causing similar symptoms. Cysts on ovaries are diagnosed with ultrasound.

Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Healthy diet suggested by the doctor, regular exercise and weight control can minimize the unpleasant symptoms.

  • Walking is the best exercise. Also, try moderate and vigorous physical activity.
  • Eat a lot of vegetables, whole grains, fruits, beans, nuts and other heart-healthy foods. Avoid fried and cheeses foods and meat.
  • Losing even 4.5 kg of your weight will regulate the menstrual cycle and also get normal hormone balance.
  • Smoking increases androgen level in the body. Therefore, quit smoking.

Visit a doctor for hormone testing if you experience these symptoms.

Lactose Intolerance – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Lactose intolerance is a condition in which body cannot digest milk and dairy products. In the terms of biology, the body cannot digest lactose (a natural sugar in milk and dairy products). This is not a food allergy to milk. It is a different condition. This happens when lactose moves through the colon without proper digestion. Bloating, gas and belly pain are common symptoms of lactose intolerance. This condition is common among native African, Asian and South American adults. However, this condition is less common in European adults.

This condition is diagnosed using Lactose Hydrogen Breath Test. Milk and dairy products cause this problem. People suffering from this condition have to make some adjustments in their diets. This helps in avoiding discomfort. And, this also helps in getting enough calcium.

Causes of Lactose Intolerance

Small intestine produces an enzyme called lactose. This enzyme breaks down and digests lactose (milk and dairy products). Sometimes small intestine does not produce an adequate amount of lactose. This condition usually runs in families. Symptoms of this condition are experienced in teen or adult years. Small intestine stops producing lactase due to some short-term disease like stomach flu.

Similarly, lifelong diseases like cystic fibrosis can also cause small intestine stop producing lactase. In some cases, small intestine stops making lactase when a part of the intestine is removed surgically. This condition can be either temporary or permanent.

Cases are rare, but some newborns are born with lactose intolerance. They cannot eat any food with lactose. This condition is temporarily developed in premature babies. Once the small intestine starts producing lactase, the baby can digest lactose (milk and dairy products).

Symptoms of Lactose Intolerance

Depending on the amount of lactase produced by the intestine, this condition can be mild to severe. Symptoms of the lactose intolerance include:

  • Gas
  • Bloating
  • Rumbling or gurgling sound in belly
  • Diarrhea or loose stools
  • Throwing up

Diagnosis and Treatment

Avoid milk and dairy products for several days. If you stop experiencing symptoms of lactose intolerance, start adding milk and dairy products in your diet. If symptoms of lactose intolerance come back, you are likely to suffer from this condition. You should visit a doctor for lactose hydrogen breath test. when you visit a doctor, he will ask some questions about the symptoms you are experiencing. Blood sugar test or lactose hydrogen breath test confirms lactose intolerance. This condition cannot be cured. You can control symptoms by avoiding foods causing this problem. Some dietary supplements can help in digesting lactose products.