Stool Analysis Test: Tips for Collecting and Understanding of Results

A stool test is a means of analyzing the fecal matter in order to diagnose the presence or absence of some specific medical conditions. Many times, patients suffering from persistent stomach problems are prescribed for a stool analysis test by doctors. However, there are several other symptoms that make doctors recommend the test. These are:

  • Diarrhea lasting for several days
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Throwing up

In addition to those mentioned above, a concerned doctor might be more involved when:

  • You are having a weakened immune system functions
  • You have eaten contaminated food or water
  • You have travelled outside the country or away from your hometown
  • Symptoms are severe in intensity

stool analysis test

The Stool Test Sample

Doctor will provide you a special container to bring a sample of your poop for diagnosis. Sometimes, an additional urine sample might also be required along with a sample of your feces. Containers given for collecting the sample might come with a label highlighting your name and date of birth.

Tips While Collecting Sample for a Stool Analysis Test

Follow these tips while collecting a sample of your poop for the stool test:

  • Don’t Use your Hands – You need to use a disposable small spoon or a spatula to place the poop sample inside the container.
  • Don’t Overfill the Container – It’s not a good idea to overfill the container with poop because only a small amount of poop, resembling the size of a walnut is required.
  • Ensure the Poop Doesn’t touch the Inner Surface of the Toilet – If your poop touch the inner surface of the toilet then it could pick up additional germs that might not belong to you.
  • Place the Container inside a sealed plastic Bag – Once you’ve successfully filled the container with you poop, place it inside a plastic bag and seal it.
  • Use something to catch your Poop – If your stool isn’t watery or loose then you could also spread some newspaper or plastic wrap over the toiler rim.
  • Wash your Hands Properly–After you’ve successfully collected the poop sample, wash your hands properly with soap and clean water.

How Long you Need to Wait?

Once you deposit your sample to the lab, it is smeared inside a dedicated plate. It helps in the growth of bacteria to be identified, if any, later. Later, it is observed by placing it under a microscope. Typically, you might need to wait for 1 or 2 days for getting the results of the stool analysis test.

What the Results Mean?

The results of your stool test can be one of the any two mentioned below:

  1. Negative – This means that the test is perfectly normal. No germs were found in the poop and you are free from any kind of infection.
  2. Positive – Your feces is infected by some kind of germ, bacteria or virus. Prescription will be based on the type of infection.

 

Advertisements

6 Most-Used Female Hormone Saliva Test Kit Types

Introduction to the Hormone Saliva Test Kit

Even though there are several ways to measure female hormones, the preferred way of doing so is by means of saliva. Inspecting hormonal levels using an apt hormone saliva test kit assists in assessing present level of hormones as well as checking whether the hormone balancing regimen is working or not.

Now, distinct types of hormone saliva test kit helps in determining different types of female hormones. As a matter of fact, there are several of them used for diagnosing hormonal levels in different medical conditions. Here is the list of 6 most commonly used hormonal saliva test kits for measuring female hormones.

hormoe test kit

  1. Saliva Profile I

    Used early in the morning, saliva profile I hormone saliva test kit helps in assessing most important adrenal and sex hormones. It helps in assessing 5 hormones, which are:

  • AM (morning) Cortisol (C1)
  • DHEA-S (DS)
  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)
  • Testosterone (T)

2. Saliva Profile II

Used most notably for assessing adrenal function, saliva profile II test provides insights into all 5 hormones provided by saliva profile I, in addition to one more hormone. Various hormones analyzed by saliva profile II hormone saliva test kit are:

  • AM (morning) Cortisol (C1)
  • DHEA-S (DS)
  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)
  • PM (night) Cortisol
  • Testosterone (T)

3. Saliva Profile III

Saliva profile III provides the most comprehensive assessment of the various adrenal and sex hormones. The test, most notably, adds 3 Cortisol tests in order to provide complete evaluation of the diurnal adrenal function. Various hormones assessed by saliva profile III test are:

  • AM (morning) Cortisol (C1)
  • DHEA-S (DS)
  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Evening Cortisol (C3)
  • Noon Cortisol (C2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)
  • PM (night) Cortisol
  • Testosterone (T)

4. Estrogen Dominance

In the medical condition of Estrogen Dominance, estrogen levels are much higher than what they should be in relative to the progesterone levels. The estrogen dominance hormone saliva test kit assists in evaluating hormones:

  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)

Estradiol (E2) is the most potent estrogen found in the human body. In addition to measuring the levels of estrogen hormones, Estrogen Dominance test also provides important ratio-based relation between estradiol and progesterone.

5. Hormone Trio

Hormone Trio hormone saliva test kit helps in assessing major reproductive hormones in females as well as men. The relative ratio of each of the three hormones evaluated by Hormone Trio test is critical to the human health. The three reproductive hormones assessed by the saliva test are:

  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)
  • Testosterone (T)

home-hormone-saliva-test-kit

6. AM/PM Cortisol

The AM/PM Cortisol hormone saliva test kit is commonly used for diagnosing hormonal imbalance in females suffering from morning or evening fatigue, situational stress, or sleep disorders. The hormones evaluated by the saliva test are:

  • AM (Morning) Cortisol (C1)
  • PM (Night) Cortisol (C4)

How SIBO Breath Test used to Diagnose Bacterial Overgrowth in Small Intestine

Small intestine bacterial overgrowth can be very harmful if not diagnosed early. The reason behind a bacterial overgrowth in the intestinal region can be anything from diverticulitis to neurological and muscular diseases. Due to the inadequate movement of the intestinal muscles, the digested food cannot pass to the large intestine properly. This is why, the natural bacterial flora, present in the larger intestinal zones, can be seen flourishing in the small intestine. The diagnosis of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) can lead to a more complicated problem. Sometimes, due to irritable bowel syndrome or fasting, the bacteria migrate and start feeding on the remaining glucose available in the small intestine. The best way to identify bacterial overgrowth is via a SIBO Breath Test.

sibo breath test

The process of breath test

The bacteria produce hydrogen or methane while consuming glucose, lactose, etc. During a breath test, the concentration of these gases is measured and compared with the permissible line. Depending on the contemporary level, the diagnosis is done. The SIBO Breath Test is of two different types.

Lactulose breath test

Lactulose can only be digested by a particular strain of bacteria present in our gut. A patient is fed with a lactulose drink. If he is lactulose intolerant or suffering from bacterial overgrowth in the distal part of small intestine, he will produce a copious amount of hydrogen or methane.

Glucose breath test

Glucose is absorbed within the first one meter of the small intestine. If bacterial overgrowth is present in the latter portion then it can be easily identified with the elevated amount of methane or hydrogen in the breath of the individual.

Non-invasive test for SIBO

SIBO Breath Test is the most secure non-invasive test to learn more about a bacterial overgrowth. On diagnosis, further steps can be taken. The test takes one to three hours but does not involve any painful procedure.

Things About Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth

Varieties of bacteria are found in the large intestine normally. The problem occurs when these strains are found in the small intestinal zones. Due to the improper migrating motor complex (MMC), digested food is not properly swiped down by the small intestine causing an abnormal increase in the formation of bacteria in the small intestine. Often, due to fasting this type of bacterial overgrowth occurs. The bacterial flora grows rapidly and feeds on the carbohydrates very fast. Due to this process, hydrogen and methane are produced in amounts above the baseline. This is called small intestinal bacterial overgrowth or SIBO.

sibo

Cause behind SIBO

As mentioned earlier, SIBO occurs when digested food is not properly passed down to the large intestine. Due to diabetes and scleroderma affect the involuntary movements of the muscles in the gut. Often, physical obstructions such as surgery scars, diverticulitis, etc can also hinder the free movement of the muscles.

Signs of SIBO

The possible signs of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth are mentioned below.

  • Gas
  • Diarrhea
  • Bloating
  • Cramp and/or pain in the abdominal area
  • Constipation (less common)
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Specific food intolerances for gluten, lactose, casein, fructose, etc.
  • Chronic diseases like fibromyalgia, diabetes, chronic fatigue syndrome, autoimmune diseases, neuromuscular disorders, etc.
  • Deficiency of vitamins and minerals
  • Mal-absorption of fat

Tests for SIBO

The best way to find out SIBO as per location is via the breath test. It is a non-invasive test where a patient is fed with a specific amount of glucose or lactose. If the gut bacteria are present in the small intestinal region then the amount of hydrogen or methane produced will be higher than the normal level. Assessing the gas concentration, SIBO can be diagnosed. The test takes only a few hours and the patient does not have to suffer any kind of invasive procedure.

Digestive Health and Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth

You all know the importance of having a good digestive health and the discomfort caused when it’s worse. Bacteria play a major role in the health of your body. Needless to say, there are good bacteria and bad ones too. Bacteria, when at the right location in the body, play their role perfectly and when moved, might cause problems. They highly influence the metabolism and bowel movements. The bad bacteria from the large intestine when moved to the small intestine, causes Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth. It’s abbreviated as SIBO. Bad bacteria in small amounts do no harm, but in large amounts blocks the ability of the intestine to absorb nutrients. The Small Intestine Overgrowth Breath Testing helps you diagnose for Bacterial overgrown in the small Intestine reliably.

Symptoms for Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth

  • Constipation
  • Gas
  • Nausea or acid reflux
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Bloating
  • Abdominal Cramps
  • Anxiety or depression
  • Headache
  • Food Sensitivity
  • Asthma
  • Belching
  • Pain in the Joints
  • Various skin problems (eczema, acne, etc.)

The small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth shares many symptoms with the Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Due to this reason alone, it’s difficult to differentiate between the conditions. The detection of these conditions becomes harder because of the overlapping symptoms. The Small Intestine Overgrowth Breath Testing takes care of it easily through its easy ways of diagnosing.

How does the SIBO Test works?

The two gases, in particular, that body does not produce include methane and hydrogen. The bacteria produce them. The person that suffers through Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth has these gases in their breath. After the bacteria move from large to small intestine the overgrown bacteria produce these gases. A small intestine is a place where nutrients get absorbed by the body and go into the bloodstream. The Small Intestine Overgrowth Breath Testing utilizes this information for the detection of these gases in your breath. If found, it’s proved that the condition of Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth exists in your body.

Conclusion

Upon the intake of fiber, your constipation worsens; Probiotics promote bloating and gas; Indication of low iron in the bloodstream. If you notice these conditions in your body, it points to the presence of SIBO. To confirm the presence of this condition and to avoid yourself further pain, it’s imperative to take this test. This test proves to be the easiest and reliable way to detect SIBO in your body. The Small Intestine Overgrowth Breath Testing might not cure the condition,  but it’s an important step towards a cure.

How Saliva Hormone Testing Has Become More Reliable, Private and Simpler

With recent developments, saliva hormone testing is becoming more private, simpler and reliable. It is taking less time in saliva testing labs to get results of saliva hormone testing. This is what has been happening till now. The patient, first of all, sees a doctor for prescriptions. After that, the patient visits one of the testing labs in the neighborhood for hormone testing. The test is going to be possibly painful and expensive. Patient’s blood will be drawn.

With the new saliva hormone testing system, you can do saliva test anytime and even at your home. You need not visit any of the saliva testing labs. And, you can test the level of hormones without a doctor’s prescription. And, it also costs a lot less than old-fashioned blood tests. Most of the hormones including melatonin, estrogens, DHEA, progesterone and testosterone decline as you age. Testing level of hormones helps in assessing life extension program progress. Saliva hormone testing is also used for bringing hormone level to normal. Both overdosing and underdosing of hormone supplements are not safe. You are not going to waste your money in saliva testing labs for expensive testing and testing hormone levels.

The salivary drug testing is available to the general public are providing accurate results. These tools are way more convenient than the blood test. And, the subject has to visit labs several times. These tools are being used in saliva testing labs for several years. The saliva hormone testing enables women to test progesterone level and men to test testosterone level without visiting a doctor.

The state-of-the-art Radioimmunoassay technique makes saliva hormone testing more reliable than other hormone testing. The results of saliva hormone testing are more meaningful when compared to a blood test. Saliva hormone testing measures the level of active hormone. Blood test, on the other hand, measures both active and inactive hormone and therefore, it is less reliable.

You simply need a saliva hormone testing kit. And, this kit is easily available in saliva testing labs and also very easy to use. Here is what comes with this kit:

Pre-paid return mailer

Packing material

Collection tube

Sugarless chewing gum

Identification labels and forms

Here is how you will use the kit. Chew the gum and spit into the collection tube. Fill out the form, pack everything and mail it to one of the saliva testing labs.

 

 

 

 

 

Symptoms and Causes of Estrogen Dominance

Any hormone in man’s or woman’s body should be produced in an adequate amount. Too less hormones result in hormone deficiency and too much hormones lead to hormone dominance. Both deficiency and dominance result into health problems. In this article, we are going to cover the dominance of a primary female sex hormone ‘estrogen’. A good number of women are suffering from estrogen dominance.

Symptoms of Estrogen Dominance

Usually, women in their thirties and forties suffer from estrogen dominance. Both the body and brain are stimulated due to estrogen dominance. This causes the symptoms illustrated of the following table:

Lack of sex drive Fibrocystic breasts
Bloating (water retention) Hair loss
Irregular or abnormal menstrual periods Headache especially pre-menstrual headache
Breast swelling and tenderness Depression, irritability and mood swing problems
Cold feet and hands Weight and/or fat gain around hips and abdomen
Memory loss and foggy thinking Thyroid dysfunction
Fatigue Sluggish metabolism
(PMS) Premenstrual symptoms Trouble in sleeping/insomnia

Apart from the above symptoms, estrogen dominance is also linked to other health issues including breast cancer, infertility, ovarian cysts, allergies, uterine cancer, autoimmune disorder and increased blood clotting. Estrogen dominance also accelerates aging. However, some other conditions also show the same symptoms. Therefore, you should visit saliva testing labs for the diagnosis of estrogen dominance.

Causes of Estrogen Dominance

During a normal menstrual cycle, estrogen dominates for a fortnight leading up to ovulation. Progesterone during the last fortnight balances estrogen. Following are the symptoms estrogen dominance:

  • Obesity
  • Stress results into overproduction of cortisol, norepinephrine and insulin. This can cause adrenal exhaustion. This can also disturb the overall hormone balance.
  • Impaired immune function
  • Environmental agents
  • Eating low fiber diet with high refined carbohydrates can cause estrogen dominance. High quality fat and diet with low nutrients can also be a cause of estrogen dominance.

How to control estrogen dominance

  • Switch to a diet with high potency mineral/multivitamin combination.
  • Switch to a hormone balancing diet consisting of adequate protein, lots of vegetables and fruits, and healthy fat.
  • Get enough fiber.
  • Exercise regularly and burn the extra body fat.
  • Avoid drugs, alcohol and caffeine to detoxify your liver.
  • Reduce stress

Reducing stress and eating a healthy diet can help in controlling excess estrogen in the body. If you feel that something is wrong with your menstrual cycle, take it seriously and visit one of the saliva testing labs for diagnosis.