Stool Analysis Test: Tips for Collecting and Understanding of Results

A stool test is a means of analyzing the fecal matter in order to diagnose the presence or absence of some specific medical conditions. Many times, patients suffering from persistent stomach problems are prescribed for a stool analysis test by doctors. However, there are several other symptoms that make doctors recommend the test. These are:

  • Diarrhea lasting for several days
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Throwing up

In addition to those mentioned above, a concerned doctor might be more involved when:

  • You are having a weakened immune system functions
  • You have eaten contaminated food or water
  • You have travelled outside the country or away from your hometown
  • Symptoms are severe in intensity

stool analysis test

The Stool Test Sample

Doctor will provide you a special container to bring a sample of your poop for diagnosis. Sometimes, an additional urine sample might also be required along with a sample of your feces. Containers given for collecting the sample might come with a label highlighting your name and date of birth.

Tips While Collecting Sample for a Stool Analysis Test

Follow these tips while collecting a sample of your poop for the stool test:

  • Don’t Use your Hands – You need to use a disposable small spoon or a spatula to place the poop sample inside the container.
  • Don’t Overfill the Container – It’s not a good idea to overfill the container with poop because only a small amount of poop, resembling the size of a walnut is required.
  • Ensure the Poop Doesn’t touch the Inner Surface of the Toilet – If your poop touch the inner surface of the toilet then it could pick up additional germs that might not belong to you.
  • Place the Container inside a sealed plastic Bag – Once you’ve successfully filled the container with you poop, place it inside a plastic bag and seal it.
  • Use something to catch your Poop – If your stool isn’t watery or loose then you could also spread some newspaper or plastic wrap over the toiler rim.
  • Wash your Hands Properly–After you’ve successfully collected the poop sample, wash your hands properly with soap and clean water.

How Long you Need to Wait?

Once you deposit your sample to the lab, it is smeared inside a dedicated plate. It helps in the growth of bacteria to be identified, if any, later. Later, it is observed by placing it under a microscope. Typically, you might need to wait for 1 or 2 days for getting the results of the stool analysis test.

What the Results Mean?

The results of your stool test can be one of the any two mentioned below:

  1. Negative – This means that the test is perfectly normal. No germs were found in the poop and you are free from any kind of infection.
  2. Positive – Your feces is infected by some kind of germ, bacteria or virus. Prescription will be based on the type of infection.

 

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6 Most-Used Female Hormone Saliva Test Kit Types

Introduction to the Hormone Saliva Test Kit

Even though there are several ways to measure female hormones, the preferred way of doing so is by means of saliva. Inspecting hormonal levels using an apt hormone saliva test kit assists in assessing present level of hormones as well as checking whether the hormone balancing regimen is working or not.

Now, distinct types of hormone saliva test kit helps in determining different types of female hormones. As a matter of fact, there are several of them used for diagnosing hormonal levels in different medical conditions. Here is the list of 6 most commonly used hormonal saliva test kits for measuring female hormones.

hormoe test kit

  1. Saliva Profile I

    Used early in the morning, saliva profile I hormone saliva test kit helps in assessing most important adrenal and sex hormones. It helps in assessing 5 hormones, which are:

  • AM (morning) Cortisol (C1)
  • DHEA-S (DS)
  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)
  • Testosterone (T)

2. Saliva Profile II

Used most notably for assessing adrenal function, saliva profile II test provides insights into all 5 hormones provided by saliva profile I, in addition to one more hormone. Various hormones analyzed by saliva profile II hormone saliva test kit are:

  • AM (morning) Cortisol (C1)
  • DHEA-S (DS)
  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)
  • PM (night) Cortisol
  • Testosterone (T)

3. Saliva Profile III

Saliva profile III provides the most comprehensive assessment of the various adrenal and sex hormones. The test, most notably, adds 3 Cortisol tests in order to provide complete evaluation of the diurnal adrenal function. Various hormones assessed by saliva profile III test are:

  • AM (morning) Cortisol (C1)
  • DHEA-S (DS)
  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Evening Cortisol (C3)
  • Noon Cortisol (C2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)
  • PM (night) Cortisol
  • Testosterone (T)

4. Estrogen Dominance

In the medical condition of Estrogen Dominance, estrogen levels are much higher than what they should be in relative to the progesterone levels. The estrogen dominance hormone saliva test kit assists in evaluating hormones:

  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)

Estradiol (E2) is the most potent estrogen found in the human body. In addition to measuring the levels of estrogen hormones, Estrogen Dominance test also provides important ratio-based relation between estradiol and progesterone.

5. Hormone Trio

Hormone Trio hormone saliva test kit helps in assessing major reproductive hormones in females as well as men. The relative ratio of each of the three hormones evaluated by Hormone Trio test is critical to the human health. The three reproductive hormones assessed by the saliva test are:

  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)
  • Testosterone (T)

home-hormone-saliva-test-kit

6. AM/PM Cortisol

The AM/PM Cortisol hormone saliva test kit is commonly used for diagnosing hormonal imbalance in females suffering from morning or evening fatigue, situational stress, or sleep disorders. The hormones evaluated by the saliva test are:

  • AM (Morning) Cortisol (C1)
  • PM (Night) Cortisol (C4)

How SIBO Breath Test used to Diagnose Bacterial Overgrowth in Small Intestine

Small intestine bacterial overgrowth can be very harmful if not diagnosed early. The reason behind a bacterial overgrowth in the intestinal region can be anything from diverticulitis to neurological and muscular diseases. Due to the inadequate movement of the intestinal muscles, the digested food cannot pass to the large intestine properly. This is why, the natural bacterial flora, present in the larger intestinal zones, can be seen flourishing in the small intestine. The diagnosis of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) can lead to a more complicated problem. Sometimes, due to irritable bowel syndrome or fasting, the bacteria migrate and start feeding on the remaining glucose available in the small intestine. The best way to identify bacterial overgrowth is via a SIBO Breath Test.

sibo breath test

The process of breath test

The bacteria produce hydrogen or methane while consuming glucose, lactose, etc. During a breath test, the concentration of these gases is measured and compared with the permissible line. Depending on the contemporary level, the diagnosis is done. The SIBO Breath Test is of two different types.

Lactulose breath test

Lactulose can only be digested by a particular strain of bacteria present in our gut. A patient is fed with a lactulose drink. If he is lactulose intolerant or suffering from bacterial overgrowth in the distal part of small intestine, he will produce a copious amount of hydrogen or methane.

Glucose breath test

Glucose is absorbed within the first one meter of the small intestine. If bacterial overgrowth is present in the latter portion then it can be easily identified with the elevated amount of methane or hydrogen in the breath of the individual.

Non-invasive test for SIBO

SIBO Breath Test is the most secure non-invasive test to learn more about a bacterial overgrowth. On diagnosis, further steps can be taken. The test takes one to three hours but does not involve any painful procedure.

Things About Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth

Varieties of bacteria are found in the large intestine normally. The problem occurs when these strains are found in the small intestinal zones. Due to the improper migrating motor complex (MMC), digested food is not properly swiped down by the small intestine causing an abnormal increase in the formation of bacteria in the small intestine. Often, due to fasting this type of bacterial overgrowth occurs. The bacterial flora grows rapidly and feeds on the carbohydrates very fast. Due to this process, hydrogen and methane are produced in amounts above the baseline. This is called small intestinal bacterial overgrowth or SIBO.

sibo

Cause behind SIBO

As mentioned earlier, SIBO occurs when digested food is not properly passed down to the large intestine. Due to diabetes and scleroderma affect the involuntary movements of the muscles in the gut. Often, physical obstructions such as surgery scars, diverticulitis, etc can also hinder the free movement of the muscles.

Signs of SIBO

The possible signs of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth are mentioned below.

  • Gas
  • Diarrhea
  • Bloating
  • Cramp and/or pain in the abdominal area
  • Constipation (less common)
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Specific food intolerances for gluten, lactose, casein, fructose, etc.
  • Chronic diseases like fibromyalgia, diabetes, chronic fatigue syndrome, autoimmune diseases, neuromuscular disorders, etc.
  • Deficiency of vitamins and minerals
  • Mal-absorption of fat

Tests for SIBO

The best way to find out SIBO as per location is via the breath test. It is a non-invasive test where a patient is fed with a specific amount of glucose or lactose. If the gut bacteria are present in the small intestinal region then the amount of hydrogen or methane produced will be higher than the normal level. Assessing the gas concentration, SIBO can be diagnosed. The test takes only a few hours and the patient does not have to suffer any kind of invasive procedure.

hormone testing

A Comprehensive Guide To Female Hormonal Imbalances

Hormones are effective chemicals/particles that are the building blocks of practically every moment of a human life. Hormones are critical to keep up a man’s physical and psychological well-being. Imbalance in any of the hormones can prompt irritating and serious medical problems and can make your physical and emotional wellness go haywire. Albeit dismissed, hormones are the building pieces of a man’s health. It is a typical conviction that estrogen is the female hormone, while testosterone is the manly hormone; however, the two, men and ladies produce estrogen, testosterone and various different hormones. Regular female hormonal tests are important to make sure that all of the crucial life functions go on smoothly.

Problems Faced My Women Due To Hormonal Imbalances

As women start to age, hormonal imbalances start emerging and effecting the menstrual cycle and the general physical well-being. Pre-mature menopause or irregular periods and mood swings are the most common issues faced by women due to hormonal imbalances. Fat accumulation, acne, breast aches, migraine, loss of libido, burn-outs and PMS are other nasty issues that women face.

Estrogen dominance leads to excessive weight gain, acne, thinning skin, puffy eyes, brittle nails, and increased body hair. There is an extra risk of developing estrogen dominance if you have been a smoker, breast cancer patient, or have been undergoing hormone replacement therapies.

Low testosterone levels lead to fat accumulation is chest and belly, hair loss, pale skin, decreasing strength, dry eyes and infertility. Under eating and over exercising and stress are the most significant reasons behind hormonal imbalances.

BioHealth hormone testing

Methods Of Testing Hormones

The most common and effective methods of female hormonal tests are by serum tests, urine tests and saliva tests. Urine test is an extensive test method. All female hormones are effectively tested in these tests. However, the best option for female hormonal tests is salivary hormonal tests. In a saliva test, only the bio-active hormones get tested. Salivary hormonal tests are the most effective and accurate kind of female hormonal tests. Salivary tests include the testing of Testosterone, Estrogen and other most common hormones that cause the regular hormonal imbalance symptoms.

Achieving Hormonal Balance In The Healthiest Possible Way

It’s pitiful that hormonal irregularities are regularly ‘treated’ with hormonal substitution treatment. It’s normal for specialists to turn to anti-conceptive pills or other engineered hormones to treat your side effects. A considerable measure of indications caused by hormones can be settled normally by adopting a healthy lifestyle and eating habits before swinging to prescription. Consumption of the correct supplements and receiving the best way of life propensities is the best way to tackle your hormonal problems and feel great again.

Why do you Need Hormone Saliva Test?

Hormone Salivary Testing is the most reliable process to understand the levels of important hormones in the body, especially the adrenal and reproductive hormones.

Need of Salivary Hormone Testing

Since late 1960, saliva testing has been utilized to measure the levels of hormones. It has several benefits as compared to serum testing. One of the significant aspects of this test is it imitates the non-protein destined free hormone fraction at a certain point of time that is not tested in blood testing. Generally, hormones are bound to carry proteins in the blood, and the unbound part is known to be accessible to the body cell.

Hormone Saliva Test

Hormone saliva test also checks the level of supplemented hormones with their uses and absorption. According to a study, the measurements of salivary progesterone confirm applies progesterone is absorbed, regardless of lack of serum progesterone change. Therefore, this test not only can determine if bio identical hormone therapy is absorbed, but influence supplementation dosage as well.

In a nutshell, saliva testing doesn’t need any appointments or needles; it can be collected at home easily.

Who gets maximum Benefits from Hormone Salivary Test?

Generally, this test is recommended by your practitioner if you have symptoms related to an underlying hormonal imbalance. The best way to correct symptoms linked to hormone imbalance is first to know the reason of imbalance and then create a right treatment plan that reports these issues. Here are a few types of patient’s conditions who can get benefit from this test.

Hormones tested in Salivary Hormone Testing

 

  • Cravings
  • Stress
  • PMS
  • Hormonal issues
  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Period problems
  • Menopause
  • Insomnia
  • Mood Swings

What Hormones tested in Salivary Hormone Testing?

There are several hormones that are tested in salivary Hormone Testing. These are-

  • Oestrogen- There are three forms of this hormone- Oestriol, Oestrone, and Oestradiol. These three are very important to maintaining the health of brain, skin, breast and reproductive tissue. The salivary hormone testing tests all three forms along with blood tests.
  • Progesterone- This is a major hormone in women, and beneficial for men’s prostate health.
  • Testosterone- It helps in maintaining skin elasticity, cardiovascular health, libido and lean body mass, bone density in both men and women.
  • Melatonin- This hormone is produced by the pineal gland produced by gastrointestinal and retina interact. Its secretion is stimulated by light and sleep independence and by darkness.
  • DHEA- This is a major androgen in both men and women. The levels of DHEA reduce with age and play a chief role in immune status, mental function and healthy energy levels.
  • Cortisol- Produced by the adrenal glands, this hormone is responsible for physical, emotional and mental stress. Its levels suppress the working of the immune system leaving the individual more prone to infections and long-term stress.

How Is This Hormone Saliva Test Done?

There are many ways through which hormones can be assessed. The most precise way is through a hormone saliva test. For urine and saliva sampling, the kits are provided to the patients that can be gathered in the home and send directly to the lab. To perform salivary testing services, Nutripath is commonly used. It provides medical lab testing services to examine patient’s nutritional, biochemical and metabolic +hormonal status.

How Is This Hormone Saliva Test Done

 

 

How Does Lactose Hydrogen Breath Test Work?

Bacteria in the colon (large intestine) play a part in digestions. The aerobic bacteria in colon help in digestion of carbohydrates and sugars. However, some of these carbohydrates and sugars are converted into hydrogen. Bacteria can also release some chemicals in the colon. Sometimes, colon secretes water due to these chemicals and lead to diarrhea. A part of the hydrogen produced in the colon is absorbed into the blood. This gas is exhaled in the breath. Hydrogen and other chemicals are produced when some carbohydrates and sugar reach the colon.

It is the job of the small intestine to digest and absorb sugar and carbohydrate. The small amount of carbohydrates and sugar reaching colon cause no problem. The problem occurs when sugar and carbohydrate reach colon in a larger amount. It results into more hydrogen and other chemicals in the colon. The hydrogen in breath is collected and measured in lactose hydrogen breath test.

lactose hydrogen bretah test

Lactose is not the only sugar that is not digested properly. Fructose is a sugar found in corn syrup. Sorbitol is a sugar found in low-calorie sweetener. Sucrose, fructose and sorbitol are other sugars that are sometimes poorly digested. Abnormal digestion of sugars is not the only reason behind the digestion issues due to bacteria.

Bacteria are found in both small and large intestines. There is a smaller number of hydrogen producing of bacteria present in the small intestine. On the hand, there is a larger number of hydrogen producing bacteria found in the large intestine. Sometimes, the larger number of bacteria from the large intestine move into the small intestine. This leads to another health issue known as small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.

breath test

In this condition, the small intestine does not get a chance to digest and absorb sugar and carbohydrate as bacteria digest sugar and carbohydrates. So, a large of amount hydrogen is produced in the small intestine.

In some cases, the food rapidly passes through the small intestine. The food does not stay in there for proper digestion of sugar and carbohydrate. The undigested carbohydrates and sugars are then digested by bacteria in the large intestine. The bacteria then convert it into gas.

Both bacterial overgrowth and rapid passing of sugar through small intestine are diagnosed with Lactose Hydrogen Breath Test. When sugar passes through the small intestine quickly the bacteria in large intestine converts it into hydrogen soon after ingestion. So, you exhale hydrogen in breath soon after ingesting sugar.

During the Lactose Hydrogen Breath Test, Hydrogen is produced twice in the case of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. The first time hydrogen is produced when the sugar is digested by the bacteria in the small intestine. Second time hydrogen is produced when the food enters the large intestine.