How SIBO Breath Test used to Diagnose Bacterial Overgrowth in Small Intestine

Small intestine bacterial overgrowth can be very harmful if not diagnosed early. The reason behind a bacterial overgrowth in the intestinal region can be anything from diverticulitis to neurological and muscular diseases. Due to the inadequate movement of the intestinal muscles, the digested food cannot pass to the large intestine properly. This is why, the natural bacterial flora, present in the larger intestinal zones, can be seen flourishing in the small intestine. The diagnosis of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) can lead to a more complicated problem. Sometimes, due to irritable bowel syndrome or fasting, the bacteria migrate and start feeding on the remaining glucose available in the small intestine. The best way to identify bacterial overgrowth is via a SIBO Breath Test.

sibo breath test

The process of breath test

The bacteria produce hydrogen or methane while consuming glucose, lactose, etc. During a breath test, the concentration of these gases is measured and compared with the permissible line. Depending on the contemporary level, the diagnosis is done. The SIBO Breath Test is of two different types.

Lactulose breath test

Lactulose can only be digested by a particular strain of bacteria present in our gut. A patient is fed with a lactulose drink. If he is lactulose intolerant or suffering from bacterial overgrowth in the distal part of small intestine, he will produce a copious amount of hydrogen or methane.

Glucose breath test

Glucose is absorbed within the first one meter of the small intestine. If bacterial overgrowth is present in the latter portion then it can be easily identified with the elevated amount of methane or hydrogen in the breath of the individual.

Non-invasive test for SIBO

SIBO Breath Test is the most secure non-invasive test to learn more about a bacterial overgrowth. On diagnosis, further steps can be taken. The test takes one to three hours but does not involve any painful procedure.

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Things About Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth

Varieties of bacteria are found in the large intestine normally. The problem occurs when these strains are found in the small intestinal zones. Due to the improper migrating motor complex (MMC), digested food is not properly swiped down by the small intestine causing an abnormal increase in the formation of bacteria in the small intestine. Often, due to fasting this type of bacterial overgrowth occurs. The bacterial flora grows rapidly and feeds on the carbohydrates very fast. Due to this process, hydrogen and methane are produced in amounts above the baseline. This is called small intestinal bacterial overgrowth or SIBO.

sibo

Cause behind SIBO

As mentioned earlier, SIBO occurs when digested food is not properly passed down to the large intestine. Due to diabetes and scleroderma affect the involuntary movements of the muscles in the gut. Often, physical obstructions such as surgery scars, diverticulitis, etc can also hinder the free movement of the muscles.

Signs of SIBO

The possible signs of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth are mentioned below.

  • Gas
  • Diarrhea
  • Bloating
  • Cramp and/or pain in the abdominal area
  • Constipation (less common)
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Specific food intolerances for gluten, lactose, casein, fructose, etc.
  • Chronic diseases like fibromyalgia, diabetes, chronic fatigue syndrome, autoimmune diseases, neuromuscular disorders, etc.
  • Deficiency of vitamins and minerals
  • Mal-absorption of fat

Tests for SIBO

The best way to find out SIBO as per location is via the breath test. It is a non-invasive test where a patient is fed with a specific amount of glucose or lactose. If the gut bacteria are present in the small intestinal region then the amount of hydrogen or methane produced will be higher than the normal level. Assessing the gas concentration, SIBO can be diagnosed. The test takes only a few hours and the patient does not have to suffer any kind of invasive procedure.

hormone testing

A Comprehensive Guide To Female Hormonal Imbalances

Hormones are effective chemicals/particles that are the building blocks of practically every moment of a human life. Hormones are critical to keep up a man’s physical and psychological well-being. Imbalance in any of the hormones can prompt irritating and serious medical problems and can make your physical and emotional wellness go haywire. Albeit dismissed, hormones are the building pieces of a man’s health. It is a typical conviction that estrogen is the female hormone, while testosterone is the manly hormone; however, the two, men and ladies produce estrogen, testosterone and various different hormones. Regular female hormonal tests are important to make sure that all of the crucial life functions go on smoothly.

Problems Faced My Women Due To Hormonal Imbalances

As women start to age, hormonal imbalances start emerging and effecting the menstrual cycle and the general physical well-being. Pre-mature menopause or irregular periods and mood swings are the most common issues faced by women due to hormonal imbalances. Fat accumulation, acne, breast aches, migraine, loss of libido, burn-outs and PMS are other nasty issues that women face.

Estrogen dominance leads to excessive weight gain, acne, thinning skin, puffy eyes, brittle nails, and increased body hair. There is an extra risk of developing estrogen dominance if you have been a smoker, breast cancer patient, or have been undergoing hormone replacement therapies.

Low testosterone levels lead to fat accumulation is chest and belly, hair loss, pale skin, decreasing strength, dry eyes and infertility. Under eating and over exercising and stress are the most significant reasons behind hormonal imbalances.

BioHealth hormone testing

Methods Of Testing Hormones

The most common and effective methods of female hormonal tests are by serum tests, urine tests and saliva tests. Urine test is an extensive test method. All female hormones are effectively tested in these tests. However, the best option for female hormonal tests is salivary hormonal tests. In a saliva test, only the bio-active hormones get tested. Salivary hormonal tests are the most effective and accurate kind of female hormonal tests. Salivary tests include the testing of Testosterone, Estrogen and other most common hormones that cause the regular hormonal imbalance symptoms.

Achieving Hormonal Balance In The Healthiest Possible Way

It’s pitiful that hormonal irregularities are regularly ‘treated’ with hormonal substitution treatment. It’s normal for specialists to turn to anti-conceptive pills or other engineered hormones to treat your side effects. A considerable measure of indications caused by hormones can be settled normally by adopting a healthy lifestyle and eating habits before swinging to prescription. Consumption of the correct supplements and receiving the best way of life propensities is the best way to tackle your hormonal problems and feel great again.

Why do you Need Hormone Saliva Test?

Hormone Salivary Testing is the most reliable process to understand the levels of important hormones in the body, especially the adrenal and reproductive hormones.

Need of Salivary Hormone Testing

Since late 1960, saliva testing has been utilized to measure the levels of hormones. It has several benefits as compared to serum testing. One of the significant aspects of this test is it imitates the non-protein destined free hormone fraction at a certain point of time that is not tested in blood testing. Generally, hormones are bound to carry proteins in the blood, and the unbound part is known to be accessible to the body cell.

Hormone Saliva Test

Hormone saliva test also checks the level of supplemented hormones with their uses and absorption. According to a study, the measurements of salivary progesterone confirm applies progesterone is absorbed, regardless of lack of serum progesterone change. Therefore, this test not only can determine if bio identical hormone therapy is absorbed, but influence supplementation dosage as well.

In a nutshell, saliva testing doesn’t need any appointments or needles; it can be collected at home easily.

Who gets maximum Benefits from Hormone Salivary Test?

Generally, this test is recommended by your practitioner if you have symptoms related to an underlying hormonal imbalance. The best way to correct symptoms linked to hormone imbalance is first to know the reason of imbalance and then create a right treatment plan that reports these issues. Here are a few types of patient’s conditions who can get benefit from this test.

Hormones tested in Salivary Hormone Testing

 

  • Cravings
  • Stress
  • PMS
  • Hormonal issues
  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Period problems
  • Menopause
  • Insomnia
  • Mood Swings

What Hormones tested in Salivary Hormone Testing?

There are several hormones that are tested in salivary Hormone Testing. These are-

  • Oestrogen- There are three forms of this hormone- Oestriol, Oestrone, and Oestradiol. These three are very important to maintaining the health of brain, skin, breast and reproductive tissue. The salivary hormone testing tests all three forms along with blood tests.
  • Progesterone- This is a major hormone in women, and beneficial for men’s prostate health.
  • Testosterone- It helps in maintaining skin elasticity, cardiovascular health, libido and lean body mass, bone density in both men and women.
  • Melatonin- This hormone is produced by the pineal gland produced by gastrointestinal and retina interact. Its secretion is stimulated by light and sleep independence and by darkness.
  • DHEA- This is a major androgen in both men and women. The levels of DHEA reduce with age and play a chief role in immune status, mental function and healthy energy levels.
  • Cortisol- Produced by the adrenal glands, this hormone is responsible for physical, emotional and mental stress. Its levels suppress the working of the immune system leaving the individual more prone to infections and long-term stress.

How Is This Hormone Saliva Test Done?

There are many ways through which hormones can be assessed. The most precise way is through a hormone saliva test. For urine and saliva sampling, the kits are provided to the patients that can be gathered in the home and send directly to the lab. To perform salivary testing services, Nutripath is commonly used. It provides medical lab testing services to examine patient’s nutritional, biochemical and metabolic +hormonal status.

How Is This Hormone Saliva Test Done

 

 

How Does Lactose Hydrogen Breath Test Work?

Bacteria in the colon (large intestine) play a part in digestions. The aerobic bacteria in colon help in digestion of carbohydrates and sugars. However, some of these carbohydrates and sugars are converted into hydrogen. Bacteria can also release some chemicals in the colon. Sometimes, colon secretes water due to these chemicals and lead to diarrhea. A part of the hydrogen produced in the colon is absorbed into the blood. This gas is exhaled in the breath. Hydrogen and other chemicals are produced when some carbohydrates and sugar reach the colon.

It is the job of the small intestine to digest and absorb sugar and carbohydrate. The small amount of carbohydrates and sugar reaching colon cause no problem. The problem occurs when sugar and carbohydrate reach colon in a larger amount. It results into more hydrogen and other chemicals in the colon. The hydrogen in breath is collected and measured in lactose hydrogen breath test.

Lactose is not the only sugar that is not digested properly. Fructose is a sugar found in corn syrup. Sorbitol is a sugar found in low-calorie sweetener. Sucrose, fructose and sorbitol are other sugars that are sometimes poorly digested. Abnormal digestion of sugars is not the only reason behind the digestion issues due to bacteria.

Bacteria are found in both small and large intestines. There is a smaller number of hydrogen producing of bacteria present in the small intestine. On the hand, there is a larger number of hydrogen producing bacteria found in the large intestine. Sometimes, the larger number of bacteria from the large intestine move into the small intestine. This leads to another health issue known as small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.

In this condition, the small intestine does not get a chance to digest and absorb sugar and carbohydrate as bacteria digest sugar and carbohydrates. So, a large of amount hydrogen is produced in the small intestine.

In some cases, the food rapidly passes through the small intestine. The food does not stay in there for proper digestion of sugar and carbohydrate. The undigested carbohydrates and sugars are then digested by bacteria in the large intestine. The bacteria then convert it into gas.

Both bacterial overgrowth and rapid passing of sugar through small intestine are diagnosed with Lactose Hydrogen Breath Test. When sugar passes through the small intestine quickly the bacteria in large intestine converts it into hydrogen soon after ingestion. So, you exhale hydrogen in breath soon after ingesting sugar.

During the Lactose Hydrogen Breath Test, Hydrogen is produced twice in the case of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. The first time hydrogen is produced when the sugar is digested by the bacteria in the small intestine. Second time hydrogen is produced when the food enters the large intestine.

 

Symptoms and Causes of Estrogen Dominance

Any hormone in man’s or woman’s body should be produced in an adequate amount. Too less hormones result in hormone deficiency and too much hormones lead to hormone dominance. Both deficiency and dominance result into health problems. In this article, we are going to cover the dominance of a primary female sex hormone ‘estrogen’. A good number of women are suffering from estrogen dominance.

Symptoms of Estrogen Dominance

Usually, women in their thirties and forties suffer from estrogen dominance. Both the body and brain are stimulated due to estrogen dominance. This causes the symptoms illustrated of the following table:

Lack of sex drive Fibrocystic breasts
Bloating (water retention) Hair loss
Irregular or abnormal menstrual periods Headache especially pre-menstrual headache
Breast swelling and tenderness Depression, irritability and mood swing problems
Cold feet and hands Weight and/or fat gain around hips and abdomen
Memory loss and foggy thinking Thyroid dysfunction
Fatigue Sluggish metabolism
(PMS) Premenstrual symptoms Trouble in sleeping/insomnia

Apart from the above symptoms, estrogen dominance is also linked to other health issues including breast cancer, infertility, ovarian cysts, allergies, uterine cancer, autoimmune disorder and increased blood clotting. Estrogen dominance also accelerates aging. However, some other conditions also show the same symptoms. Therefore, you should visit saliva testing labs for the diagnosis of estrogen dominance.

Causes of Estrogen Dominance

During a normal menstrual cycle, estrogen dominates for a fortnight leading up to ovulation. Progesterone during the last fortnight balances estrogen. Following are the symptoms estrogen dominance:

  • Obesity
  • Stress results into overproduction of cortisol, norepinephrine and insulin. This can cause adrenal exhaustion. This can also disturb the overall hormone balance.
  • Impaired immune function
  • Environmental agents
  • Eating low fiber diet with high refined carbohydrates can cause estrogen dominance. High quality fat and diet with low nutrients can also be a cause of estrogen dominance.

How to control estrogen dominance

  • Switch to a diet with high potency mineral/multivitamin combination.
  • Switch to a hormone balancing diet consisting of adequate protein, lots of vegetables and fruits, and healthy fat.
  • Get enough fiber.
  • Exercise regularly and burn the extra body fat.
  • Avoid drugs, alcohol and caffeine to detoxify your liver.
  • Reduce stress

Reducing stress and eating a healthy diet can help in controlling excess estrogen in the body. If you feel that something is wrong with your menstrual cycle, take it seriously and visit one of the saliva testing labs for diagnosis.

What Do You Know About Bacteria In Your Guts?

Let’s start with an interesting fact. There were no bacteria in our bodies when we born. However, within a few seconds of our birth, bacteria started inhabiting in our bodies. Now, we have bacteria in our eyes, mouth, digestive system and even under our arms. There are different types of bacteria. Some bacteria congregate in the humidity of our feet and sometimes in dry conditions of our forearms. Most of the bacteria are harmless when stay at their right place. Bacteria are very helpful. The three pound of bacteria in our guts helps in the digestion of food. The majority of bacteria in our guts are in the large intestine.

And, these bacteria have a high impact on our health. Bacteria in our guts help in metabolism, immune system development, production of essential bio-compound and bacteria also influence our metabolism. If they stay where they should be, it is good for our health. If they move into small intestine then we will suffer from small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. Changes in gut bacteria can cause obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and inflammatory bowel disease. And, this has been shown in a number of researches.

Experts have studied the three-dimensional structure of bacterial enzymes. Bacteria play the important role of breaking down sugar polymers. These sugar polymers are broken down to simple glucose. Gut bacteria have a large no of enzymes for breaking down complex sugars. So, these studies on gut bacteria and other gut organisms give a better understanding of diseases like diabetes and obesity.

This is important because it could potentially help scientists and doctors to better understand of the impact of gut organisms on human diseases like diabetes and obesity. There are multiple species of bacteria in our bodies and we know a little about these bacteria. This will help in making more effective and safe medications. Presently, medications are designed to target human enzymes, not bacterial enzymes. For example, a doctor gives medication to control the production of glucose in a diabetes patient. However, the medication should also target bacterial enzymes responsible for the production of glucose.

Antibiotics and antimicrobials medications do target bacteria. However, we can develop more medications after understanding what different species of bacteria do inside our bodies. Apart from this, the undertaking of colonies of bacteria living in our digestive tract will also help in understating various digestive disorders. We know that small intestinal bacterial overgrowth is developed due to large intestinal bacteria moving into the small intestine.

However, we still don’t know the exact cause of Irritable Bowel Syndrome. This is the reason why IBS is difficult to treat. So, the study of guts bacteria can reveal the causes of IBS and other digestive disorders. Our scientists can also develop more effective medication for IBS, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth and disorders. Till now, these unicellular organisms have been mysteries. However, scientists have shifted their focus to these complex unicellular organisms in recent years.

So, this will bring great improvements the healthcare industry.

Woman Health – Effects Of Thyroid Disorders on Women’s Health

The thyroid gland produces several hormones that influence almost all important metabolic process in the human body. Most of the thyroid disorders are caused due to abnormal production of these hormones. Too much or too less production of these hormones can cause various harmless and life-threatening disorder. Goiter (enlarged gland) is a harmless disorder and it hardly requires any treatment. However, thyroid disorder can also cause life threatening cancer. Excessive production of thyroid hormone causes hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism occurs when thyroid hormone is produced in an insufficient amount.

Most of the thyroid disorders can be easily managed when diagnosed on time and treated properly. Just like other woman hormone disorders, thyroid disorders are also diagnosed with hormone test for women.

Causes of Thyroid Disorders

Hyperthyroidism

This thyroid disorder is caused when thyroid hormone is produced in excessive amount. Following are the conditions that cause overproduction of thyroid hormone:

  • Toxic Adenomas: In this condition, nodules are developed in thyroid gland. These nodules start secreting thyroid hormone and disturb the chemical balance of the human body.
  • Graves’ Disease: This is one of the major causes of thyroid hormone overproduction.
  • Subacute Thyroiditis: Leakage of excess hormone due to inflammation of thyroid gland causes temporary hyperthyroidism. This temporary hyperthyroidism may last from a few weeks to few months.
  • Cancerous Growths Or Pituitary Gland Malfunctions: This condition is rare. However, it can also cause hyperthyroidism.

Hypothyroidism

Insufficient production of thyroid hormone causes this thyroid disorder. Thyroid hormone is one of the hormones human body depends on for energy production. Therefore, hypothyroidism lowers energy levels in human body.

  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis: It is an autoimmune disorder in which the body starts attacking thyroid tissues. That dead tissue does not produce any hormone.
  • Lithium: Lithium is also associated with the causes of hypothyroidism.
  • Removal of Thyroid Gland: Sometimes, the thyroid gland is chemically destroyed or surgically removed.
  • Exposure to Excessive Amount Of Iodide: The heart medicine amiodarone, cold and sinus medicines or some contrast dyes usually given before some X – rays also cause exposure to iodide.

Effects of Thyroid Disorder on Woman’s Body

Production of thyroid hormone plays an important role in woman’s reproductive system. The overactive or underactive thyroid gland has following effects.

Puberty and Menstruation

Thyroid hormone imbalance can cause abnormal puberty and menstruation. Sometimes, puberty and menstrual occurs early and sometimes late. Menstrual periods can be very heavy or very light. Thyroid disorders also result into irregularity in menstrual periods or absence of menstrual period.

Reproduction

Overproduction and underproduction of thyroid hormones may prevent ovulation. Underactive thyroid increases the risk of cyst development.

Pregnancy and Postpartum Thyroiditis

Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism during pregnancy is harmful to the fetus. Underactive thyroid gland can cause stillbirth, miscarriages, postpartum hemorrhage and preterm delivery. Overactive thyroid gland can cause morning sickness during pregnancy.

Menopause

Thyroid hormone imbalance can be a cause of early onset of menopause. Mood swing, hot flashes, lack of menstruation and inability to sleep are symptoms of hyperthyroidism mistaken for early menopause.

Almost all thyroid hormone disorder can be treated if diagnosed with hormone test for women. If you are experiencing the symptoms of any thyroid disorder then visit the nearest clinic for hormone test for women.

adrenal glands test

What is the difference between Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth And IBS?

Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth’ and ‘Irritable Bowel Syndrome, both are digestive system disorders caused when there are some troubles in small and/or large intestine (bowel). Both disorders come with some common symptoms including:

IBS and SIBO common symptoms   

  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Bloating
  • Gas
  • Abdominal cramping
  • Nausea, acid reflux or heartburn
  • Mood disorders like depression or anxiety
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches

IBS Shows Following Symptoms That Are Different From SIBO

  • Changes in normal bowel movements, for example, you used to have two bowel movements a day but now you are having four bowel movements a day.
  • Changes in texture and color of stool
  • Loss appetite or feeling full
  • Sexual problems
  • Unpleasant taste in mouth
  • Muscle aches
  • Urgent or frequent need to urinate
  • Heart palpitations

Saliiva hormone testing

Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth symptoms that are different from IBS

  • Belching
  • Food sensitivities
  • Joint Pain
  • Asthama
  • Skin problems like acne, eczema, psoriasis or rosacea

It is clear that most of the major symptoms of these two conditions overlap. A few other digestive disorders also show the same symptoms. Therefore, a doctor cannot rely on symptoms only to diagnose whether the patient is suffering from small intestinal bacterial overgrowth or irritable bowel syndrome.

Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth Diagnosis

SIBO Breath test is the most reliable test for diagnosing small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. This test detects the presence of two gases in the breath – hydrogen and methane. Our body cannot produce any of these two gases. However, bacteria can. A person suffers from SIBO when the bacteria in the small intestine are more than normal. This happens when bacteria from the large intestine move into the small intestine. The small intestine is a site where nutrients are absorbed. Food is not fermented in the small intestine. The bacteria overgrown in the small intestine produce these gases. So, if hydrogen and methane are detected in your breath, you are suffering from SIBO.

SIBo

Irritable Bowel Syndrome Diagnosis

IBS is different from other digestive system problems. This condition does cause any structural problem in the intestine. So, this condition is hard to diagnose. No test can successfully diagnose this disorder. This condition is diagnosed by eliminating and observing symptoms. The doctor will ask following questions:

  • How many times you have to use the bathroom in a single day?
  • Is abdominal pain reduced after going to the bathroom?
  • Does eating a specific food cause changes in texture or color of the stool?
  • Do you feel gassy or bloated after eating certain meals?
  • Does exercise provide relief from the symptoms of IBS?
  • Do you have any food sensitivity or allergy

large intestine. Human anatomy

Six Signs of Digestive Issues Due To SIBO

Food is one of the basic needs of human. However, the food can serve your needs of energy only when it is digested properly. The digestion of the food is started right from the mouth. Every organ in the digestive system has an important role to play in the digestion process. Digestive system organs secrete special enzymes for breaking down the food and absorbing nutrients. Small intestine and large intestine are two of these digestive system organs. And, Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO) is a condition associated with small and large intestines. More than 50% of the patients suffering from Irritable Bowel Syndrome also suffer from SIBO.

SIBO occurs when the bacteria from the colon (large intestine) is migrated into the small intestine. This condition is diagnosed with Bacterial Overgrowth Breath Test. The bacteria in the small intestine (small bowel) are overgrown due to poor enzyme production by the pancreas or low stomach acid. This causes symptoms including bloating, diarrhea or gas.

Six Signs That Tell That Your Digestive Problems Are Due to SIBO

  1. Your constipation is worsened when you eat more fiber.
  2. Taking antibiotics improves the symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
  3. Symptoms of celiac or gluten intolerance are not 100% resolved even when you are on a gluten-free diet.
  4. Taking probiotics containing prebiotics increase bloating and gas.
  5. Taking opiates or other pain medications can also develop chronic symptoms of constipation, gas, diarrhea or bloating.
  6. Blood test shows low iron in the blood.

Top 6 Symptoms of Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth

  1. Abdominal pain or distention
  2. Constipation
  3. Diarrhea
  4. Abdominal bloating and distension
  5. Excessive gas or belching
  6. Acid reflux or heartburn

Striking Out Leaky Gut

Small intestine bowel overgrowth causes local GI symptoms. On the other hand, leaky gut affects the entire immune system. One can suffer from both conditions simultaneously. Having SIBO for a longer period is likely to develop leaky gut.

50% of the patients having SIBO are also diagnosed with leaky gut. Most of the times, leaky gut is healed itself with the treatment of SIBO.

Bacterial Overgrowth Breath Test

Bacterial overgrowth breath test is used for diagnosing small intestine bacterial growth. Bacteria in the small intestine produce hydrogen which is exhaled in the breath. Lactulose Breath Test checks the amount of hydrogen in the breath. If the amount of hydrogen in the breath is more than normal then the patient is suffering from SIBO. Sometimes, urinary organic acid analysis and comprehensive stool analysis is also required.

If you are having some digestive system problems with the symptoms of SIBO, see a doctor for Bacterial Overgrowth Breath Test.