Reasons for Bacterial Overgrowth breath test

Ordinarily, small measures of microscopic organisms are found in the small digestive system. Every so often, extra microscopic organisms relocate from the digestive organ into the small digestive tract, making manifestations, for example, stomach torment, swelling, gas, and lose bowels. As the side effects are fundamentally the same as those related to IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome), information from this test may help doctors in assessing IBS cases.

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Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth can effortlessly be analyzed by testing patients’ breath tests for levels of hydrogen, methane, or both. This is known as Bacterial Overgrowth Breath test. In the wake of ingesting a substrate parcel, the patient produces breath tests like clockwork finished a 3-hour time frame.

Tests are then sent to Laboratories. Investigation of the examples yields information on the creation of the focused on gases as the stomach related process continues. The diagram delivered utilizing this information gives key pointers of the presence/degree of SIBO. The chart is an unmistakable and justifiable apparatus that doctors may impart to patients in looking into their test outcomes.

Causes

Not at all like the digestive organ, the small digestive tract does not have a high number of microbes. At the point when there is an excessive number of microscopic organisms in the small digestive tract, these creatures go through the supplements that would somehow or another be retained into the body. A man with little gut bacterial abundance may become malnourished as an outcome.

  •  Conditions that can prompt abundance of microorganisms in the small digestive tract include:
  •  Difficulties of maladies or surgery that make pockets or blockages in the little intestine. Crohn’s the disease is one of these conditions.
  •  Ailments that prompt development issues in the little inside, such as diabetes and scleroderma
  •  Imune deficiencies such as AIDS or immunoglobulin inadequacy
  •  short gut syndrome caused by the surgical evacuation of part of the small digestive tract
  •  Surgical methods that make a circle of the small digestive tract where overabundance microscopic organisms can develop. An illustration is a Billroth II kind of stomach expulsion (gastrectomy).

 Side effects

  • Stomach totality
  • Stomach agony and spasms
  • Swelling
  • The looseness of the bowels (generally watery)
  • Gassiness
  • Different indications may include:
  • Greasy stool
  • Weight reduction

How to get ready for the SIBO Breath Testing?

There is a 24-hour readiness period before taking the Bacterial Overgrowth Breath test.the initial 12 hours require a particular eating routine, and the most recent 12 hours require a total fasting period; be that as it may, you may brush your teeth.

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 Would small be able to intestinal bacterial excess be dealt with?

 Truly. Once bacterial excess has been analyzed, a health expert can utilize a proper anti-microbial regimen to destroy the microorganisms, calming the side effects. Treatment would then be able to start on the fundamental causes to shield abundance from repeating.

 

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Stool Analysis Test: Tips for Collecting and Understanding of Results

A stool test is a means of analyzing the fecal matter in order to diagnose the presence or absence of some specific medical conditions. Many times, patients suffering from persistent stomach problems are prescribed for a stool analysis test by doctors. However, there are several other symptoms that make doctors recommend the test. These are:

  • Diarrhea lasting for several days
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Throwing up

In addition to those mentioned above, a concerned doctor might be more involved when:

  • You are having a weakened immune system functions
  • You have eaten contaminated food or water
  • You have travelled outside the country or away from your hometown
  • Symptoms are severe in intensity

stool analysis test

The Stool Test Sample

Doctor will provide you a special container to bring a sample of your poop for diagnosis. Sometimes, an additional urine sample might also be required along with a sample of your feces. Containers given for collecting the sample might come with a label highlighting your name and date of birth.

Tips While Collecting Sample for a Stool Analysis Test

Follow these tips while collecting a sample of your poop for the stool test:

  • Don’t Use your Hands – You need to use a disposable small spoon or a spatula to place the poop sample inside the container.
  • Don’t Overfill the Container – It’s not a good idea to overfill the container with poop because only a small amount of poop, resembling the size of a walnut is required.
  • Ensure the Poop Doesn’t touch the Inner Surface of the Toilet – If your poop touch the inner surface of the toilet then it could pick up additional germs that might not belong to you.
  • Place the Container inside a sealed plastic Bag – Once you’ve successfully filled the container with you poop, place it inside a plastic bag and seal it.
  • Use something to catch your Poop – If your stool isn’t watery or loose then you could also spread some newspaper or plastic wrap over the toiler rim.
  • Wash your Hands Properly–After you’ve successfully collected the poop sample, wash your hands properly with soap and clean water.

How Long you Need to Wait?

Once you deposit your sample to the lab, it is smeared inside a dedicated plate. It helps in the growth of bacteria to be identified, if any, later. Later, it is observed by placing it under a microscope. Typically, you might need to wait for 1 or 2 days for getting the results of the stool analysis test.

What the Results Mean?

The results of your stool test can be one of the any two mentioned below:

  1. Negative – This means that the test is perfectly normal. No germs were found in the poop and you are free from any kind of infection.
  2. Positive – Your feces is infected by some kind of germ, bacteria or virus. Prescription will be based on the type of infection.

 

6 Most-Used Female Hormone Saliva Test Kit Types

Introduction to the Hormone Saliva Test Kit

Even though there are several ways to measure female hormones, the preferred way of doing so is by means of saliva. Inspecting hormonal levels using an apt hormone saliva test kit assists in assessing present level of hormones as well as checking whether the hormone balancing regimen is working or not.

Now, distinct types of hormone saliva test kit helps in determining different types of female hormones. As a matter of fact, there are several of them used for diagnosing hormonal levels in different medical conditions. Here is the list of 6 most commonly used hormonal saliva test kits for measuring female hormones.

hormoe test kit

  1. Saliva Profile I

    Used early in the morning, saliva profile I hormone saliva test kit helps in assessing most important adrenal and sex hormones. It helps in assessing 5 hormones, which are:

  • AM (morning) Cortisol (C1)
  • DHEA-S (DS)
  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)
  • Testosterone (T)

2. Saliva Profile II

Used most notably for assessing adrenal function, saliva profile II test provides insights into all 5 hormones provided by saliva profile I, in addition to one more hormone. Various hormones analyzed by saliva profile II hormone saliva test kit are:

  • AM (morning) Cortisol (C1)
  • DHEA-S (DS)
  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)
  • PM (night) Cortisol
  • Testosterone (T)

3. Saliva Profile III

Saliva profile III provides the most comprehensive assessment of the various adrenal and sex hormones. The test, most notably, adds 3 Cortisol tests in order to provide complete evaluation of the diurnal adrenal function. Various hormones assessed by saliva profile III test are:

  • AM (morning) Cortisol (C1)
  • DHEA-S (DS)
  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Evening Cortisol (C3)
  • Noon Cortisol (C2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)
  • PM (night) Cortisol
  • Testosterone (T)

4. Estrogen Dominance

In the medical condition of Estrogen Dominance, estrogen levels are much higher than what they should be in relative to the progesterone levels. The estrogen dominance hormone saliva test kit assists in evaluating hormones:

  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)

Estradiol (E2) is the most potent estrogen found in the human body. In addition to measuring the levels of estrogen hormones, Estrogen Dominance test also provides important ratio-based relation between estradiol and progesterone.

5. Hormone Trio

Hormone Trio hormone saliva test kit helps in assessing major reproductive hormones in females as well as men. The relative ratio of each of the three hormones evaluated by Hormone Trio test is critical to the human health. The three reproductive hormones assessed by the saliva test are:

  • Estradiol (E2)
  • Progesterone (Pg)
  • Testosterone (T)

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6. AM/PM Cortisol

The AM/PM Cortisol hormone saliva test kit is commonly used for diagnosing hormonal imbalance in females suffering from morning or evening fatigue, situational stress, or sleep disorders. The hormones evaluated by the saliva test are:

  • AM (Morning) Cortisol (C1)
  • PM (Night) Cortisol (C4)

Woman Health – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the common problems caused due to hormone imbalance in women. This syndrome causes problems with periods. Getting pregnant becomes difficult when you are suffering from this syndrome. Delays in the treatment of this syndrome can cause other health problems such as heart disease and diabetes. This syndrome gets its name polycystic due to the growth of multiple small cysts on the ovaries. These cysts cause the hormone imbalance. However, the symptoms of this syndrome can be controlled for long-term.

Hormones trigger some specific processes in the body. Some examples of hormone imbalance due to PCOS are:

Sex Hormone Imbalance

Ovaries produce a little amount of androgens – a male sex hormone. Ovaries of a woman suffering from this syndrome produce more androgens. This can interrupt ovulating, grow extra body hair and acne.

Insulin Resistance

This syndrome affects the ability of the body to use insulin well. This increases the blood sugar level which further increases the risk of diabetes.

Causes of PCOS

Causes of this syndrome are still to be fully understood. However, genetics is a common factor. Therefore, this syndrome runs into families.

Symptoms of PCOS

The initial symptoms of this syndrome are mild. Following are the common symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome:

  • Increasing weight and problem in losing weight
  • Acne
  • Irregular periods
  • Extra body hair including facial hair
  • Thinning hair on scalp
  • Decrease in breast size
  • Deeper voice
  • Depression
  • Pelvic pain
  • Infertility

Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Here is how a doctor diagnoses PCOS:

  • The doctor will ask questions about the medical history of the patient, menstrual cycles and other symptoms.
  • The doctor will do a number of tests like hormone testing to check insulin, blood sugar and other hormone levels. These tests will rule out other problems causing similar symptoms. Cysts on ovaries are diagnosed with ultrasound.

Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Healthy diet suggested by the doctor, regular exercise and weight control can minimize the unpleasant symptoms.

  • Walking is the best exercise. Also, try moderate and vigorous physical activity.
  • Eat a lot of vegetables, whole grains, fruits, beans, nuts and other heart-healthy foods. Avoid fried and cheeses foods and meat.
  • Losing even 4.5 kg of your weight will regulate the menstrual cycle and also get normal hormone balance.
  • Smoking increases androgen level in the body. Therefore, quit smoking.

Visit a doctor for hormone testing if you experience these symptoms.

Woman Health – Female Hormone Imbalance Test

Proportional levels of hormones keep different systems of our body stable. Some hormones individually trigger an individual system and some hormones interact to trigger one or more than one systems. The entire system is adversely affected even when single a hormone is produced in excess or in a lesser amount. Hormone deficiency or excess can cause disorders and chronic symptoms. Imbalance of some hormones also increases disease risk.

hormone imbalanceFor example, ovaries produce many hormones in women’s body. Estrogen and progesterone interact to control the menstrual cycle and reproductive system. Imbalance in these hormones can result in menstrual irregularities, breast diseases, and polycystic ovarian syndrome. Hormone imbalance test helps in finding the cause of hormone imbalance.

Symptoms of Hormone Imbalance in Women

Following symptoms can help a woman in the self evaluation of hormone imbalance. She should visit a medical professional for the hormone test.

Acne or oily skin

 

Bloating

 

Decreased fertility

 

Weight gain

 

Bone loss

 

Tender or fibrocystic breasts

 

Depression

 

Vaginal dryness

 

Urinary incontinence

 

Excess facial and body hair

 

Poor concentration Sleep disturbances

 

Hot flashes

 

Night sweats Nervousness
Mood swings

 

Low libido

 

Heavy or painful periods

 

Loss of scalp hair

 

Memory lapses

 

Loss of muscle mass

 

Irritability

 

Irregular periods

 

Table: Symptoms Female Hormone Imbalance

There are adrenal glands just above kidneys. These small glands produce three steroid hormones including mineralocorticoids (aldosterone), glucocorticoids (cortisol) and androgens (DHEA/DHEAS). Cortisol is essential for the body to respond to daily stress. It also maintains blood sugar level and also boosts the immune system. Aldosterone is responsible for maintaining water and salt level. Androgen is a major source of DHEA in both genders.

Adrenal glands also produce testosterone in women. When adrenal glands are not secreting these hormones in adequate amount, a woman is likely to suffer from blood sugar irregularities, nervous system disorder, immune system disorder, body composition difficulties and high androgen.

Hormone test is the initial step to determine which hormone has gone out of balance. Saliva hormone test is the most reliable method for the hormone test. A woman can make use of hormone saliva test kit to take a saliva sample. Women can read our recent article to know How to Use a Hormone Saliva Test Kit for Saliva Test.  These saliva samples are then shipped to a medical professional for hormone imbalance test. It is important to achieve optimal hormone balance. When a woman experiences the symptoms illustrated in the table she should visit a clinic for the hormone test. She can also buy a saliva test kit to collect samples for hormone imbalance test.

How to Use a Hormone Saliva Test Kit for Saliva Test

Hormone saliva testing is more reliable than others.

The saliva test is noninvasive and easy testing for assessing the level of hormone. This testing is more accurate and precise. And, it is easy too. However, the accuracy not only depends on the testing method, improper collection of saliva can result in inaccurate readings. Therefore, it is important to collect the best sample. Many individuals are using home hormone saliva test kit for collecting saliva. These kits are pretty easy to use if the user follows following guidelines:

Preparation

Wash and dry your hands. Remove food residue by rinsing mouth with water. It is important to avoid sample dilution. Therefore, collect the sample after 10 minutes. Here is what to do the night before collecting a sample. Wash face and avoid lotions or any other cream before going to bed. Next morning, wait for 30 minutes after doing dental work. Don’t eat anything before taking a sample. Take sample 30 minutes after awakening.

Remember, food particles, bleeding due to dental work and lotions and creams contaminate the sample.

Collecting Saliva Sample 

saliva sample

Use straws to collect saliva in tubes. Most of the hormone saliva test kits consist of four tubes. ¾ of the each tube should be filled with the sample. Foam or bubbles in the sample are not going to affect the accuracy of the test. Don’t forget to dispose of straws before you ship the sample.

Timing

Medical professionals need four samples for an accurate saliva test. This is the reason why a hormone saliva test kit consists of four tubes.

Take a tube and take the first sample half an hour after awakening. Don’t eat and don’t brush. Collect the second sample in the second tube before lunch. Take the third sample in the third tube before dinner. Take the fourth sample in the fourth tube one hour after dinner.

You can also find a form in the hormone saliva test kit. Provide complete accurate details in the form. These details include personal details, menstrual history (women patient only), sex, time of sample collection and more. The kit also consists of symptoms questionnaire. Also provide details of hormone therapy (if any). Tubes should be snapped tightly. Seal the form and sample in a box. Choose the fastest shipping method. Secure everything in a sealed box. It is not mandatory to keep the sample in the freezer before shipping. Your sample should be shipped to a lab in less than 10 days.

adrenal glands test

Addison’s disease (Adrenal Insufficiency) – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment

Adrenals glands are part of the endocrine system. This system is responsible for secreting hormones. These hormones regulate metabolism, growth, reproduction and other processes. These small glands are just above kidneys. Adrenal glands produce hormones that respond to stress. These hormones also serve the purpose of regulating water and salt, and blood pressure.

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Cortisol is one of these hormones. It plays a key role in digestion, heart function and many other functions. Mineralocorticoids maintain potassium – sodium balance in the body. Male sex hormones Androgens influence libido, muscle mass and also cause sexual developments in men.

What Causes Adrenal Insufficiency?

Adrenal glands fail due to following:

  • Adrenal gland infections
  • Tuberculosis
  • Cancer spreading to adrenal glands
  • Adrenal gland bleeding
  • Corticosteroids (given to treat arthritis, asthma and a few other chronic conditions)

A person suffers from Addison’s disease when adrenal glands do not produce these hormones in adequate amount. 30 to 50 years old men and women are at higher risk. Addison’s disease is also known as adrenal insufficiency.

Adrenal Insufficiency

Symptoms of Addison’s Disease

Symptoms of this disease are vague. This makes it difficult to diagnose the Addison’s disease. However, if a person experiences following symptoms then he should visit the nearest doctor for Adrenal saliva test:

Muscle weakness or muscle pain Joint pain
Fatigue Fever
Diarrhea, Nausea and/or vomiting Loss of appetite
Fainting or lightheadedness Irritability, depression or anxiety
Hyperpigmentation (darkening of skin) Pain in lower back, legs or abdomen (Pain is severe and sudden)
Slurred speech or confusion Salt food cravings
Seizures Sluggish Movements

adrenal saliva test

Tests for Addison’s Disease Diagnosis 

Adrenal saliva test or adrenal insufficiency test is an efficient test for the diagnosis of Addison’s disease. The adrenal saliva test is also known by some other names including adrenal fatigue saliva test and adrenal fatigue test. This test measures the level of minerals and hormone in the body. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) or Computerized Tomography Scan (CT Scan) is used to see the size of adrenal glands of the patient.

A patient suffering from Addison’s disease is given prescription hormones. These prescription hormones include cortisone acetate, hydrocortisone or prednisone. Fludrocortisones is given when the body is not producing sufficient amount of hormones. These hormones are usually given in the form of pills. Dehydroepiandrosterone improves sex drive and mood in women suffering from this disease. Once this disease is confirmed after adrenal saliva test; a patient has to take these pills for the rest of life.

Therefore, do not ignore these symptoms and find a clinic for an Adrenal saliva test.

Tests for Addison_s Disease Diagnosis